Biblia Latina [42 lines]
Analysis of Content
[1r/ a1r] Hieronymus: [Letter addressed to] Paulinus. ‘Epistola sancti Iheronimi ad Paulinum presbiterum de omnibus diuine historie libris'. Pref. no. 1.
[4r/ a4r] [Gn–II Par.] Preceded by Jerome's preface.
[226r/ z8r] [OrMan.]
[226r/ z8r] [I–II Esr.] Preceded by Jerome's preface. II Esr entitled ‘Liber Neemie'.
[239r/ B1r] [III–IV Esr.]
[261r/ D1r] [Tb–Est.] Preceded by Jerome's preface.
[280r/ E10r] [Iob.] [`Prologus in Iob secundum hebraicum', supplied by the rubricator.] Pref. no. 3; preceded by the Prologus sancti Hieronymi in libro Iob and followed by Iob.
[292v/ G2v] [Ps (G).] [`Liber ymnorum vel soliloquiorum', supplied by the rubricator.] Preceded by the first of Jerome's prefaces only.
[1r/ a1r] [Prv.]
[11v/ b1v] [Ecl.] [`Prologus in ecclesiasten', supplied by the rubricator.] Pref. no. 6, followed by Ecl.
[15v/ b5v] [Ct–Lam.]
[101v/ l1v] [Bar.] [`Prefacio in librum Baruch', supplied by the rubricator.] Pref. no. 10, followed by Bar.
[105r/ l5r] [Ez–Mal.]
[162r/ r1r] Hieronymus: [`Prologus . . . in libros Machabeorum', supplied by the rubricator.] Pref. no. 31, followed by I–II Mcc.
[190v/ t9v] [Mt.] [`Argumentum in euangelium secundum Matheum', supplied by the rubricator.] Pref. no. 34; preceded by Jerome's prologue and followed by Mt.
[207r/ x6r] [Mc.] [`Prologus in euangelium secundum Marcum', supplied by the rubricator.] Pref. no. 36, followed by Mc.
[217r/ y6r] Hieronymus: [`Prefacio . . . in ewangelium secundum Lucam', supplied by the rubricator.] Pref. no. 37, followed by Lc, where verses 1-4 are called ‘Prohemium'.
[235r/ A4r] [Io.] [`Prologus in ewangelium secundum Iohannem', supplied by the rubricator.] Pref. no. 38, followed by Io.
[248r/ B7r] Hieronymus: [`Prefacio . . . in omnes epistolas sancti Pauli apostoli ad Romanos', supplied by the rubricator.]
[249r/ B8r] [`Prologus specialis in epistolam ad Romanos', supplied by the rubricator.] Pref. no. 39.
[249v/ B8v] [Rm–Hbr.] Rm–Hbr, each letter preceded by an ‘argumentum', referred to as prologus by the rubricator in the case of Rom I and II Cor (PL CXIV 551) and Gal.
[285r/ F1r] Hieronymus: [`Prefacio . . . in librum Actuum apostolorum', supplied by the rubricator.] Pref. no. 42, followed by Act.
[301v/ G7v] [Iac–Iud.] [`Prologus in epistolas canonicas', supplied by the rubricator.] Pref. no. 44, followed by Iac–Iud, each letter preceded by an ‘argumentum'.
[310r/ I1r] [Apc.] [`Prologus in Apocalipsim', supplied by the rubricator.] Pref. no. 50, followed by Apc.
Imprint: [Mainz: Printer of the 42-line Bible (Johann Gutenberg and Peter Schoeffer), c.1455]. Folio.
Collation: Vol. 1: [a–i10 k10+1 l m10 n6+1 o–z A10 B C10+1 D–I10 K4] [324 numbered leaves in Bodleian copy]; vol. 2: [a–p10 q10+1 r–z A–C10 D12 E10+1 F G10 H4+1 I10] [319 numbered leaves in Bodleian copy].
GW: GW 4201;
Hain: H *3031;
Goff: Goff B‑526;
BMC: BMC I 17;
Proctor: Pr 56;
Others: BSB‑Ink B‑408; CIBN B‑361; Severin Corsten, ‘Die Gutenbergbibel in heutiger Sicht', Imprimatur, NS 9 (1980), 67-79; de Ricci, Mayence, 34; Hillard 369; Ilona Hubay, ‘Die bekannten Exemplare der zweiundvierzigzeiligen Bibel und ihre Besitzer', in Johannes Gutenbergs zweiundvierzigzeilige Bibel. Kommentarband (Munich, 1979), 127-55, at 144, no. 24; Eberhard König, Zur Situation der Gutenberg-Forschung: Ein Supplement, Sonderausgabe des Kommentars zum zweiten Faksimile des Berliner Exemplars mit grundlegenden Beiträgen (Münster, 1995), no. 32; Paul Needham, ‘The Paper Supply of the Gutenberg Bible', Papers of the Bibliographical Society of America, 79 (1985), 303-74, P22; Oates 14-15; Sack, Freiburg, 608; Sheppard 15-17. Facsimiles: Insel-Verlag, Leipzig, 1913-14, reprint New York, 1960; Johannes Gutenbergs zweiundvierzigzeilige Bibel, ed. Paul Schwenke (Leipzig, 1923), at 16 no. 33; Editions les Incunables, Paris, 1985 (Mazarine copy).
LCN: 14003335, 14003401
Copy number: B-237(1)
Bound in two volumes (Gn–Ps and Prv–Apc). For this copy see Continental Shelf, no. 16, and Wonderful Things, no. 24.
Stubs from excised blank leaves are visible after fols 92 and 250.
This copy is of the earlier impression throughout; see P. Schwenke, Untersuchungen zur Geschichte des ersten Buchdrucks ([Berlin, 1900]), 17.
Binding: Eighteenth-century French (Nicolas-Denis Derôme (le jeune), with his ticket dated 1785, in use 1785-9) gold-tooled green morocco; marbled pastedowns; see Barber, ‘Baroque to Neoclassicism', no. 33: ‘double panel of fleur-de-lis and similar type rolls with five petalled flowers at the corners'; the gold stamp of the Bodleian Library on both covers. See Otto Mazal, ‘Die Bucheinbände der erhaltenen Exemplare der zweiundvierzigzeiligen Bibel', in Johannes Gutenbergs zweiundvierzigzeilige Bibel. Kommentarband (Munich, 1979), 158-75, at 168-9.
Size: 416 × 300 × 74 and 416 × 300 × 75 mm.
Size of leaf: 400 × 286 mm.
An early hand has corrected the text and supplied words in brown ink, most frequently in the first volume. One letter supplied by the rubricator has been erased. On the last two blank leaves ([318r -319v / I9r –I10v]) of volume 2 in a contemporary hand: ‘Summa hystorica Biblie magistri Petri Pictauiensis', incipit: ‘Considerans hystorie sacre prolixitatem necnon et difficultatem . . .' with drawing of biblical pedigrees (from Adam and Eve to Samuel).
Principal initials are supplied in pink with gold highlighting and pen-flourishing in red, blue, and pale green, or in blue with white highlighting and pen-flourishing in red and blue; others in blue with pen-flourishing in red and pale green or in red with pen-flourishing in blue. Headings are printed or supplied in red. Headings are supplied in alternating red and blue letters. Initials are supplied alternately in red and blue; red capital strokes; according to König ‘Mainzer(?) Kalligraphie'.
Provenance: Erhard Neninger (c.1420-1475), Mayor of Heilbronn; presented by him to the Carmelites of Heilbronn not later than 1474, according to an inscription on the original binding (recorded by François-Xavier Laire, Index librorum ab inventa typographia ad annum 1500, part I (Sens, 1791), p. 9), but subsequently lost in the rebinding by Derome: ‘Erhardus Neninger magister civium in Heylsprum, qui dedit illud fratribus Sanctae Mariae de monte Carmeli ad urticas, prope dictam civitatem'. Heilbronn Carmelites, S. Maria ad urticas extra muros; inscription on [a1r]: ‘Carmeli Heilbronnensis'. Presented by the city of Heilbronn to Axel Oxenstierna (1583-1654) in 1633. Cardinal Étienne Charles de Loménie de Brienne (1727-1794); Laire, Index librorum, 5-11, no. 6. Purchased for £100; see Macray 275 and Books Purchased (1793), 1.
Former Bodleian shelfmark: Auct. M 1.1,2; Arch. G b.5 (vol. 2).
SHELFMARK: Arch. B b.10,11.
Copy number: B-237(2)
Binding: Blue cloth.
Size: 405 × 294 × 8 mm.
Size of leaf: 386 × 280 mm.
Fragment of 2 leaves ([a9, 10] of vol. 1), Hubay no. 33, p. 147. Second impression.
On [a9r] note: ‘From the celebrated Mazarine bible'; on [a10r]: ‘Mazarine Bible. De Bure N° 25 thinks it is anterior to the psalter of 1457 on account of the miniated capitals; but the colouring is weak or rather inaccurate'.
Initials are supplied alternately in red and blue; red headings and capital strokes.
Provenance: Possibly Bamberg, Bavaria, Franciscans, S. Anna; see sale (London: Sotheby's, 15 June 1799), 116; in Douce's copy of the catalogue annotated ‘2 leaves d'. Francis Douce (1757-1834). Bequeathed in 1834. The rest of the volume later belonged to Giovanni Francesco de Rossi (†1854); see Eberhard König, Zur Situation der Gutenberg-Forschung: Ein Supplement, Sonderausgabe des Kommentars zum zweiten Faksimile des Berliner Exemplars mit grundlegenden Beiträgen (Münster, 1995), 25, who mentions that, after the publication of his article on the paper supply, Paul Needham discovered that these two leaves are from the De Rossi copy now in the Vatican, Biblioteca Apostolica.
Former Bodleian shelfmark: Auct. M 1.2*.
SHELFMARK: Arch. B b.11*.
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