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Bod-Inc: B-317

Biblia Latina cum postillis Nicolai de Lyra et expositionibus Guilelmi Britonis (ed. Paulus Mercatellus).


Analysis of Content

Volume 1.

a1v Franciscus Moneliensis: ‘In sacrosanctam Bibliam epistola', [addressed to] Franciscus Samson. Incipit: ‘[I]nter omnes summos optimosque, Diogenes, illum Diogenem . . .’

a2r Nicolaus de Lyra: ‘Prologus in Bibliam'. PL CXIII 25-30. See Stegmüller, Repertorium biblicum, 5829 and Labrosse, ‘Œuvres', 159.

a3v [Guilelmus Brito]: ‘In epistolas Hieronymi expositio'. Incipit: ‘  “[F]rater Ambrosius, etc.” Ad euidentiam huius epistole quam scribit Hieronymus ad Paulinum presbyterum . . .’ see Stegmüller, Repertorium biblicum, 2824.

a4r [Guilelmus Brito: Postils on prologue of Hieronymus.] Incipit: ‘  “[F]rater Ambrosius”, etc. Istam litteram inueni in epistolis Hieronymi . . .’

a4r Hieronymus: [Letter addressed to] Paulinus the priest [ep. 53]. ‘Prologus in Bibliam'. Pref. no. 1.

b5v Nicolaus de Lyra [pseudo-; Guilelmus Brito]: ‘Expositio in prologum Pentateuchum'. Incipit: ‘  “[D]esiderii mei”. Istam epistolam scripsit Hieronymus . . .’ see Stegmüller, Repertorium biblicum, 2825. Each prologue accompanied by Guilelmus Brito's commentary.

b5v [Prologue to Pentateuch.]

b7r Paulus Burgensis (Paulus de Sancta Maria, Bishop of Burgos): ‘Prologus in additiones'. PL CXIII 35-7.

b7v Paulus Burgensis: ‘Additio super vtrumque prologum'. PL CXIII 37-50.

b10r ‘Copia cuiusdam littereque contra determinationem predicte questionis a quodam magistro in sacra pagina de ordine minorum auctori additionum fuit missa'. PL CXIII 50-1.

b10v ‘Copia responsionis ad predictam epistolam'. PL CXIII 51-60.

b12r Doering, Matthias: ‘Prologus in replicas defensiuas postille fratris Nicolai de Lyra ab impugnationibus domini Burgensis'. PL CXIII 59-62.

b12v [Doering, Matthias]: ‘Replica contra quedam dicta Burgensis in questione perambula'. PL CXIII 60-2.

c1r [Nicolaus de Lyra: Postilla litteralis. Gn–Apc]. Incipit: ‘  “[I]n principio”. Omissis diuissionibus curiosis, accipio illam que magis . . .’

c1v [Gn–IV Rg.] Ios preceded by ‘argumentum'.

c9r Doering, Matthias: [Corrections to Paulus Burgensis' additions: Gn–Apc]. ‘Correctorium corruptorii Burgensis'. Incipit: ‘[P]ost prologum suum, Burgensis ad litteram accedens dicit . . .’ On the authorship see Labrosse, ‘Œuvres', 370. Doering's corrections usually occur after Burgensis' additions.

[et][et]5v ‘Alius prologus' [to I–II Par]. Pref. no. 2; preceded by ‘Prefatio sancti Hieronymi in librum Dabreiamin, qui est Paralypomenon'. Slight variation in the incipit of the first preface to I–II Par.

[et][et]7r [I–II Par.]

ccc4v [OrMan.]

ccc6r [I–II Esr.] II Esr entitled ‘Neemias' in this edition.

fff4r [III–IV Esr.] III Esr entitled ‘II Esr' in this edition.

hhh1r [Tb–Est.]

Volume 2.

cC1r ‘Primus prologus' [to Iob]. Followed, rather than preceded, by ‘Prologus in Job'.

cC4r [Iob–Ps (G)]. Iob preceded by an ‘argumentum'. Ps (G) preceded by the first of Jerome's prologues only.

rr2r ‘Prologus' [to Prv]. Pref. no. 4; preceded by ‘Epistola sancti Hieronymi presbiteri ad Chromatium et Heliodorum episcopos, de libris Salomonis'.

rr2v ‘Alius prologus'. Pref. no. 5.

rr3r [Prv.]

tt6v ‘Prologus' [to Ecl]. Pref. no. 6.

tt7r [Ecl–Ct.]

uu5r ‘Prologus' [to Sap]. Pref. no. 7.

uu5r [Sap–Is.] Is preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

II1r Hieronymus: ‘Prefatio' [to Ier]. Pref. no. 8.

II1v ‘Alius prologus'. Pref. no. 9. Preceded by ‘Prologus'.

II2v [Ier.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'. Includes what in other editions is a separate introduction to Lam.

OO1r [Lam.]

PP1r ‘Prefatio' [to Bar]. Pref. no. 10.

PP1r [Bar–Dn.]

BBB8r ‘Alius prologus' [to Twelve Prophets]. Pref. no. 11; preceded by ‘Prologus in librum duodecim prophetarum'.

BBB8v ‘Prologus' [to Os]. Pref. no. 12.

CCC1r [Os.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

CCC12v ‘Prologus' [to Ioel]. Pref. no. 13.

DDD1r ‘Alius prologus'. Pref. no. 14. Includes what is in other editions a separate prologue, beginning ‘In hoc propheta . . .', pref. 15.

DDD1v [Ioel.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

DDD5v ‘Prologus' [to Am]. Pref. no. 17.

DDD5v ‘Alius prologus'. Pref. no. 18; in other editions called ‘Argumentum'.

DDD6r ‘Alius prologus'. Pref. no. 19.

DDD6v [Am.]

EEE3v ‘Prologus' [to Abd]. Pref. no. 20. The passage beginning ‘[H]ebrei hunc dicunt esse . . .' is not headed ‘Alius prologus', but forms part of this prologue.

EEE4r [Abd.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

EEE5v ‘Prologus' [to Ion]. Pref. no. 21.

EEE6v [Ion.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum' (pref. no. 22).

EEE8v ‘Prologus' [to Mi]. Pref. no. 23.

EEE9r [Mi.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

FFF4r ‘Prologus' [to Na]. Pref. no. 24.

FFF4v [Na.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

FFF6v ‘Prologus' [to Hab]. Pref. no. 25.

FFF7v [Hab.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

GGG3v ‘Prologus' [to So]. Pref. no. 26.

GGG4v [So.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

GGG7r ‘Prologus' [to Agg]. Pref. no. 27.

GGG8r [Agg.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

HHH2r ‘Prologus' [to Za]. Pref. no. 28.

HHH2v [Za.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

III6r ‘Prologus' [to Mal]. Pref. no. 29.

III7r [Mal.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

Aa1r Hieronymus: ‘Prologus' [to Mcc]. Pref. no. 31.

Aa2r [I–II Mcc.]

Volume 2.

Ee3v ‘Alius prologus' [to Four Evangelists]. Pref. no. 33; preceded by ‘Epistola beati Hieronymi ad Damasum Papam in quatuor Euangelia' (pref. no. 32).

Ee4v ‘Prologus' [to Mt]. Pref. no. 35; preceded by an ‘argumentum' (pref. no. 34).

Ee5r [Mt.]

Ll4v ‘Prologus' [to Mc]. Pref. no. 36.

Ll5v [Mc.]

Nn2v Hieronymus: ‘Prefatio' [to Lc]. Pref. no. 37.

Nn3r [Lc.] Verses 1-4 here called ‘Prohemium'.

Rr1v ‘Prologus' [to Io]. Pref. no. 38.

Rr3r [Io.]

Zz2r ‘Prologus' [to Rm]. Pref. no. 39; preceded by ‘Prefatio sancti Hieronymi in omnes epistolas sancti Pauli'.

Zz2v [Rm.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

Bbb4r ‘Prologus' [to I Cor]. Pref. no. 40.

Bbb4r [I Cor.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

Ddd5v ‘Prologus' [to II Cor]. Pref. no. 41.

Ddd5v [II Cor–Hbr]. Each letter preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

61r Hieronymus: ‘Prefatio' [to Act]. Pref. no. 42.

61v ‘Alius prologus'. Pref. no. 43.

61v [Act.]

94v ‘Prologus' [to Canonical Epistles]. Pref. no. 44.

95r [Iac–Iud.] Each letter preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

116v [Gilbertus Pictaviensis]: ‘Prologus' [to Apc]. Pref. no. 49.

118r ‘Alius prologus'. Pref. no. 50.

118r [Apc.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

146r [Colophon, naming the editor.]

146v Franciscus Moneliensis: ‘In sacrosanctam et sacratissimam Bibliam epistola', [addressed to] the reader. Incipit: ‘Sacrosancta dei precepta dictaque condigne formidari ac laudibus . . .’

[*1r] Nicolaus de Lyra: ‘Pulcherrime questiones Judaicam perfidiam in catholica fide improbantes'. [Also known as Contra perfidiam Judaeorum.] Incipit: ‘[P]rimo queritur vtrum ex scripturis receptis a Judeis posit efficaciter . . .’ See Labrosse, ‘Œuvres', 177-82, who lists other alternative titles on 177.

[*2v] ‘Probatio incarnationis diuine persone'. Incipit: ‘[S]ecundum principale est probandum . . .’


Imprint: Venice: [Johannes Herbort, de Seligenstadt, for] Johannes de Colonia, Nicolaus Jenson et Socii, 31 July 1481. Folio.


Collation: a10 b12 c–h10 i k8 l–p10 q12 r–v10 u–z [et] [con] [rum]1012 A B10 C4 D–N10 O12 P10+1 Q–S10 T6 U–Z10 aA–dD10.8 eE–gG10 aa–oo10 ppp qq8 rr–vv10 uu–zz [et et] [con con]10 [rum rum]8 AA–GG10 HH12 II–MM10 NN12 OO8 PP–XX10 YY ZZ AAA BBB8 CCC12 DDD EEE10 FFF–HHH8 III Aa–Pp10 Qq8 Rr–Uv10 Xx8 Yy6 Zz Aaa–Ccc10 Ddd12 Eee10 Fff8 1-410 512 6-1210 13 148 [*]6.


ISTC: ib00611000

GW: GW 4286;

Hain: HC *3164;

Goff: Goff B‑611;

BMC: BMC V 301;

Proctor: Pr 4681;

Others: BSB‑Ink B‑444; Gosselin 26; Labrosse, ‘Œuvres', 155; Lowry, Jenson, 101; Oates 1855; Rhodes 363; Sheppard 3742-4.

LCN: 13909031


Copy number: B-317(1)

Volume 1 wanting gatherings cC–Dd (Iob–Mcc); volume 2 wanting the blank leaf Ee1.

Bound in two volumes.

Binding: Vol. 1: contemporary German blind-tooled calf over boards of pasteboard and wood. Two clasps lost; rebacked. On the upper cover fillets form a frame, in which is a repeated floral stamp, and a rosette stamp at each corner; in the inner rectangle, repeated double merrythoughts, inside which is a floral stamp. On the lower cover double fillets form an outer frame, in which is a repeated stamp of four scrolls, at least one having the letter ‘M' [Maria?], on a staff, and a lozenge-shaped eagle stamp in the two lower corners; parts of the upper portion of the frame have been repaired with calf decorated with a floral roll; fillets form an inner frame, in which is a floral stamp and a rosette stamp at each corner; the inner rectangle is divided by double fillets into lozenge-shaped and triangular compartments, in which is a large floral stamp, and the lozenge-shaped eagle stamp. Vol. 2: nineteenth-century(?) half brown morocco.

Size: Vol. 1: 325 × 225 × 108 mm; vol. 2: 332 × 225 × 66 mm.

Size of leaf: Vol 1: 318 × 198 mm; vol 2: 320 × 212 mm.

Verses and prayers inside the upper cover, front endleaves, and inside the lower cover in the hand that wrote inscription: ‘Pfistoris Aschaffenburgensis . . .' (see below); verses inside the upper cover, with incipit: ‘Vos precor o iuuenes sacris incumbite Musis | Ex quorum manat fontibus omne sophos'; on recto of front endleaf, entitled (1) ‘I.P. Epigramma ad fratrem', with incipit ‘In primis venerare Deum super omnia fratrem | Quidquid habes summi venit ab arce poli'; (2) ‘Ne sit capitosus(!)', with incipit ‘Exue duritiem puer intractabilis æui | Pone supertilium disce placere bonis'; (3) ‘Ne preciosum tempus perdat', with incipit ‘Temporis haud vlla est grauior iactura putanda | Quo pereunt menses, annus, hora, dies'; (4) without title, but with incipit ‘Mollitiem noctu nebulonum puer inertem | Effuge, sepe vagis nox tenebrosa nocet'; (5) without title, but with incipit ‘Si tibi vis credam te poenituisse malorum | Prisca uelim posthac crimina non iteres'; (6) ‘Saphicum', with incipit ‘Quando te carnis reprobe pruritus | Vexat, aut noster inimicus acer'; on verso, entitled (1) ‘Ad studiosos: ut discant sacram scripturam , dimissis cæteris mundi vanitatibus', with incipit ‘Disce sacros libros Christo deuote sacerdos | Mystica sit fidei noscere cura tibi'; (2) ‘Ad summum deum oratio', with incipit ‘O pater alme Deus natus de virgine pura | Maximus et summus rector in arce poli'; (3) ‘Ad sanctum spiritum', with incipit ‘Mane tuum petimus numen, o Spiritus alme | Sensibus a nostris nubila crassa fuges'; inside the lower cover with incipit: ‘Dilige virtutem et sophiam flos, candide puer | Nobilis hinc vere tuque beatus eris'. Inside the upper cover a list of the books of the Bible, Gn–Est, in a fifteenth/sixteenth-century hand, with German translations of the names, and the number of chapters in each book, added in a hand of similar date. Volume 1: copious early marginal notes; vol. 2: occasional marginal notes. Bibliographical note, with initials ‘W[alter] A[rthur] C[opinger]', attached to a1r asserting that some of the marginal notes are in the hand of Philipp Melanchthon.

Vol. 1: initials are supplied in red or blue or interlocked red and blue; paragraph marks supplied in red or blue; capital strokes and underlining in red; rubricator's date ‘1483' on k8v, q12r, [con]10v,2 t12r, B10v, O12v, T6r, Y10r, Z9r, and aA9v. Volume 2: on Ee2r a ten-line initial ‘Q' supplied in red, with black pen-work infill and extensions into the guttering; other initials, some with extensions into the margins, and paragraph marks supplied in red; capital strokes and underlining in red. Contemporary lettering in black ink on upper edge.

Provenance: Vol. 1: Jodocus Preiserl (sixteenth century); inscription on a1r: ‘In usum Jodoci Preiserl'. Johannes Müllemeyster, alias Myll(?) (fl. 1517); inscription inside the lower cover: ‘Johannis Muellemeysters alias Myll vicarius sancte Katharine de Fredbergk ex testamento doctoris honorabilis domini Johannis Mylls olim rati commissarii E[ ]stadis 1517'. Johannes Pfistor (sixteenth century); ‘Muellemeysters [ ] Fredbergk' struck through and the following substituted: ‘Pfistoris Aschaffenburgensis emptus ab heredibus dalero v.' Koblenz (Ehrenbreitstein-Koblenz), Hesse, Capuchins; both inscriptions on a1r: ‘Ad vsum fratrum Minorum Capuccinorum Vallis Molanæ' and ‘Bibliotheca fratrum CapC Confluent'. Georg Franz Burkhard Kloß (1787-1854); book-label: see sale (1835), lot 723. Provenance of vol. 2: Bartholomeus Schobarz(?) (sixteenth century?); signature on Ee2r. Cancelled inscription on Ee2r. Purchased for £0. 9. 0; see Books Purchased (1835), 5.

SHELFMARK: Auct. M inf. 2.11,12.

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