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Bod-Inc: B-319

Biblia Latina cum postillis Nicolai de Lyra et expositionibus Guilelmi Britonis.


Analysis of Content

Part I.

[a2r] Nicolaus de Lyra: ‘Prologus primus'. PL CXIII 25-30. See Stegmüller, Repertorium biblicum, 5829 and Labrosse, ‘Œuvres', 159.

[a2v] Nicolaus de Lyra: ‘Prologus secundus'. PL CXIII 29-34. See Labrosse, ‘Œuvres', 159.

[a3v] [Guilelmus Brito]: ‘Expositio . . . super epistolas Sancti Hieronymi'. Incipit: ‘  “[F]rater Ambrosius,” etc. Ad euidentiam huius epistole quam scribit Hieronymus ad Paulinum presbyterum . . .’

[a4r] [Guilelmus Brito: Postils on prologue of Hieronymus.] Incipit: ‘  “[F]rater Ambrosius”, etc. Istam litteram inueni in epistolis Hieronimi . . .’ See Stegmüller, Repertorium biblicum, 2824.

[a4r] Hieronymus: [Letter addressed to] Paulinus the priest [ep. 53]. ‘Prologus in Bibliam'. Pref. no. 1.

[b5v] Guilelmus Brito: ‘Expositio . . . in prologum . . . in Pentateuchum'. Incipit: ‘  “[D]esiderii mei”. Istam epistolam scripsit Hieronymus . . .’ See Stegmüller, Repertorium biblicum, 2825.

[b5v] [Prologue to Pentateuch.] ‘Prefatio . . . in Pentateuchum'.

[b7r] Paulus Burgensis: ‘Prologus in additiones'. PL CXIII 35-7.

[b7v] Paulus Burgensis: ‘Additio super vtrumque prologum'. PL CXIII 37-50.

[b10r] ‘Copia cuiusdam littereque contra determinationem predicte questionis a quodam magistro in sacra pagina de ordine minorum auctori additionum fuit missa'. PL CXIII 50-1.

[b10v] ‘Copia responsionis ad predictam epistolam'. PL CXIII 51-60.

[b12r] Doering, Matthias: ‘Prologus in replicas defensiuas postille fratris Nicolai de Lyra ab impugnationibus domini Burgensis'. PL CXIII 59-62.

[b12v] [Doering, Matthias]: ‘Replica contra quedam dicta Burgensis in questione perambula'. PL CXIII 60-2.

[c1r] Nicolaus de Lyra: [Postilla litteralis. Gn–Apc]. Incipit: ‘  “[I]n principio”. Omissis diuissionibus curiosis, accipio illam que magis . . .’ See Labrosse, ‘Œuvres', 157-75. Commentary surrounds text in each book. Doering's corrections occur after Burgensis' additions.

[c1v] [Gn–IV Rg.] Ios preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

[Y3r] ‘Alius prologus' [to I–II Par]. Preceded by ‘Prefatio sancti Hieronymi in librum Dabreiamin, qui est Paralypomenon'. Slight variation in the incipit of the first preface to I–II Par.

[Y4v] [I–II Par.]

[cc6r] [OrMan.]

Part II.

[2a2v] [I–II Esr.] I Esr preceded by prologue. II Esr entitled ‘Neemias' in this edition.

[2c1r] [III Esr.] III Esr entitled ‘II Esr' in this edition.

[2d1r] [Tb–Est.] Each book preceded by a prologue.

[2g1r] ‘Primus prologus' [to Iob]. [Also known as Alius prologus.] Pref. no. 3; preceded by ‘Prologus in Iob'. Unusually followed, rather than preceded, by ‘Prologus in Job'.

[2g4r] [Iob–Ps (G)]. Iob preceded by an ‘argumentum'. Ps (G) preceded by the first of Jerome's prologues only.

[2E2r] ‘Prologus' [to Prv]. Pref. no. 4; preceded by ‘Epistola sancti Hieronymi presbiteri ad Chromatium et Heliodorum episcopos, de libris Salomonis'.

[2E2v] ‘Alius prologus'. Pref. no. 5.

[2E3r] [Prv.]

[2G6v] ‘Prologus' [to Ecl]. Pref. no. 6.

[2G7r] [Ecl–Ct.]

[2I5r] ‘Prologus' [to Sap]. Pref. no. 7.

[2I6r] [Sap–Sir.]

Part III.

[3a2v] [Is.] Preceded by a prologue and an ‘argumentum'.

[3i1r] Hieronymus: ‘Prefatio' [to Ier]. Pref. no. 8.

[3i1v] ‘Alius prologus'. Pref. no. 9; preceded by ‘Prologus'.

[3i2v] [Ier.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

[3n12v] [Introduction to Lam.] Incipit: ‘[E]t factum est postquam in captiuitate . . .’

[3o1r] [Lam.]

[3p1r] ‘Prefatio' [to Bar]. Pref. no. 10.

[3p1r] [Bar–Dn.]

[3D1r] ‘Alius prologus' [to Twelve Prophets]. Pref. no. 11; preceded by ‘Prologus in librum duodecim prophetarum'.

[3D1v] ‘Prologus' [to Os]. Pref. no. 12.

[3D2v] [Os.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

[3E3v] ‘Prologus' [to Ioel]. Pref. no. 13.

[3E4r] ‘Argumentum'. Pref. no. 14. In other editions entitled ‘Prologus'. In this edition, it includes ‘In hoc propheta . . .' , pref. 15.

[3E4v] [Ioel.]

[3E8v] ‘Prologus' [to Am]. Pref. no. 17.

[3E8v] ‘Alius prologus'. Pref. no. 18; in other editions called ‘Argumentum'.

[3E9r] ‘Alius prologus'. Pref. no. 19.

[3E9v] [Am.]

[3F6v] ‘Prologus' [to Abd]. Pref. no. 20. The passage beginning ‘[H]ebrei hunc dicunt esse . . .' is not headed ‘Alius prologus', but forms part of this prologue.

[3F7r] [Abd.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

[3F8v] ‘Prologus' [to Ion]. Pref. no. 21.

[3F9v] [Ion.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

[3G1v] ‘Prologus' [to Mi]. Pref. no. 23.

[3G2r] [Mi.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

[3G7r] ‘Prologus' [to Na]. Pref. no. 24. ‘Sciendum quoniam Niniue in nostra lingua . . .', which in other editions appears as a separate prologue, is here included in this prologue.

[3G7v] [Na.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

[3G9v] ‘Prologus' [to Hab]. Pref. no. 25.

[3G10v] [Hab.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

[3H4r] ‘Prologus' [to So]. Pref. no. 26.

[3H5r] [So.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

[3H7v] ‘Prologus' [to Agg]. Pref. no. 27.

[3H8v] [Agg.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

[3I2v] ‘Prologus' [to Za]. Pref. no. 28.

[3I3r] [Za.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

[3K6v] ‘Prologus' [to Mal]. Pref. no. 29.

[3K7v] [Mal.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

[3L1r] Hieronymus: ‘Prologus' [to Mcc]. Pref. no. 31.

[3L2r] [I–II Mcc.]

Part IV.

[4a3v] ‘Alius prologus' [to Four Evangelists]. Pref. no. 33; preceded by ‘Epistola beati Hieronymi ad Damasum Papam in quatuor Euangelistas'.

[4a4r] ‘Argumentum' [to Mt]. [In other editions entitled Prologus.] Pref. no. 34.

[4a4v] ‘Prologus'. Pref. no. 35.

[4a5r] [Mt.]

[4g4v] Hieronymus: ‘Prologus' [to Mc]. Pref. no. 36.

[4g5v] [Mc.]

[4i2v] Hieronymus: ‘Prefatio' [to Lc]. Pref. no. 37.

[4i3r] [Lc.] Verses 1-4 here called ‘Prohemium'.

[4n1v] ‘Prologus' [to Io]. Pref. no. 38.

[4n3r] [Io.]

[4t2r] ‘Prologus' [to Rm]. Pref. no. 39; preceded by ‘Prefatio sancti Hieronymi in omnes epistolas sancti Pauli'.

[4t2v] [Rm.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

[4x4r] ‘Prologus' [to I Cor]. Pref. no. 40.

[4x4r] [I Cor.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

[4z5v] ‘Prologus' [to II Cor]. Pref. no. 41.

[4z5v] [II Cor–Hbr]. Each letter preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

[4H1r] Hieronymus: ‘Prefatio' [to Act]. Pref. no. 42.

[4H1r] ‘Alius prologus'. Pref. no. 43.

[4H1v] [Act.]

[4L4v] ‘Prologus' [to Canonical Epistles]. Pref. no. 44; followed by an ‘argumentum'.

[4L5r] [Iac–Iud.] Each book preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

[4N6v] [Gilbertus Pictaviensis]: ‘Prologus' [to Apc]. Pref. no. 49.

[4N8r] ‘Alius prologus'. Pref. no. 50.

[4N8r] [Apc.]

[2Q6r] [Colophon.]

[2R1r] Nicolaus de Lyra: ‘Pulcerrime questiones Judaicam perfidiam in catholica fide improbantes'. [Also known as Contra perfidiam Judaeorum and Probatio adventus Christi.] Incipit: ‘[P]rimo queritur vtrum ex scripturis receptis a Judeis posit efficaciter . . .’ See Labrosse, ‘Œuvres', 177-82, who lists other alternative titles on 177.

[2R2v] ‘Probatio incarnationis diuine persone'. Incipit: ‘[S]ecundum principale est probandum . . .’


Imprint: Nuremberg: Anton Koberger, 1485. Folio.

Remarks: In four parts: (I–III) [undated]; (IV) dated 7 May 1485.


Collation: Part I: [a10 b12 c–h10 i k8 l–o10 p6 q8 r–z A–E10 F12 G H10 I4 K–P10 Q R6 S–X10 Y12 Z aa bb10 cc6]; part II: [a–e10 f8 g10 h8 i–z A B10 C D8 E–O10 P8]; part III: [a–g10 h12 i–m10 n12 o8 p q10 r8 s2 t v10 x y6 z A–G10 H I8 K–N10 O8]; part IV: [a–l10 m8 n–q10 r8 s6 t–y10 z12 A10 B8 C–F10 G12 H–O10 P8 Q6 R8].

Remarks: Collation as GW, rather than BMC.

Illustrations: 44 woodcuts.


ISTC: ib00613000

GW: GW 4288;

Hain: HC *3166;

Goff: Goff B‑613;

BMC: BMC II 427;

Proctor: Pr 2041;

Others: BSB‑Ink B‑453; Copinger, Incunabula Biblica, 67; Darlow–Moule 912; Gosselin 409, no. 34; Oates 1004; Rhodes 364; Sack, Freiburg, 663-4; Schramm XVII p. 8; Schreiber V 3472; Sheppard 1493-4.

LCN: 13910908


Copy number: B-319(1)

Part II only (I Esr–Sir). Leaf [a1] mutilated, an initial cut away. Leaves damaged.

Binding: Contemporary German (Nuremberg, Kyriß workshop no. 114) blind-tooled calf over wooden boards. On the upper cover four corner-pieces, central boss lost, on lower two corner-pieces and central boss, two further corner-pieces lost. Remains of catches, two clasps lost. Letter-stamping at the head of the upper cover ‘Secunda pars lire'. On both covers triple fillets form a frame, in which is a repeated foliate stamp (Kyriß pl. 229, no. 3), and a repeated small floral stamp (Kyriß pl. 229, no. 4). On the upper cover the inner rectangle contains repeated merrythoughts with floral decoration in the centre (Kyriß pl. 229, no. 1 and pl. 230); on the lower cover the inner rectangle is divided by triple fillets into lozenge-shaped and triangular compartments, in which are two different fleurons. On the spine, a headed-outline tool (Kyriß pl. 229, no. 6), the small floral stamp, and a small star-shaped stamp (Kyriß pl. 229, no. 2).

Size: 325 × 230 × 85 mm.

Size of leaf: 305 × 208 mm.

Occasional early marginal notes.

Initials are supplied in red and blue. Capital strokes in red. Irregular manuscript signatures in red ink.

Provenance: Wilfrid Michael Voynich, An Illustrated Catalogue of Early Printed Books . . ., Catalogue 28 no. 24, at the price of £1. 10. 0, but with a discount of 10% plus £0. 1. 0 postage, giving a total of £1. 7. 0. Purchased in 1911; see Library Bills, 9 Jan. 1911; Annual Report of the Curators of the Bodleian Library, Oxford University Gazette, 22 May 1912, 771.

SHELFMARK: Bib. Lat. 1485 c.2.

Copy number: B-319(2)

Part of parts II and III only (Prv–II Mcc).

Binding: Nineteenth-century(?) plain calf over wooden boards, with remains of metal clasps, rebacked, the spine gold-tooled, lettered ‘S. Biblia N. Lyrani 1492', cf. B‑319(3) and B‑323(1).

Size: 322 × 230 × 100 mm.

Size of leaf: 308 × 200 mm.

Initials are supplied in red. Capital strokes in red. Irregular contemporary foliation in black ink.

Provenance: Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex (1773-1843); book-plate with handwritten shelfmark ‘D.f.1': see Lee, Royal Bookplates, 41 no. 24; sale, lot 1182(?). Probably the copy purchased in either 1844 or 1854 for £2. 2. 0; see Books Purchased (1844), 6 and Books Purchased (1854), 6.

Former Bodleian shelfmark: Bib. Lat. 1492 c.3.

SHELFMARK: Bib. Lat. 1485 c.3.

Copy number: B-319(3)

Bound as gathering [a] in Koberger's edition of 1487 (B‑320(2)).

Gathering [a] of part I only.

Binding: Contemporary German(?) blind-tooled calf over wooden boards. Two clasps lost; rebacked, with gold-tooled spine, the spine gold-tooled, lettered ‘S. Biblia N. Lyrani 1492'; see Bib. Lat. 1485 c.3 and Bib. Lat. 1492 c.2,4, but now badly worn. On both covers quadruple fillets form an outer frame, in which is half of a lozenge-shaped foliate stamp. Further quadruple fillets form an inner frame, in which is a repeated floral stamp. The inner rectangle is divided by triple fillets into triangular and lozenge-shaped compartments, in which is the lozenge-shaped floral stamp or half stamp.

Size: 323 × 228 × 108 mm.

Size of leaf: 309 × 207 mm.

Principal initials are supplied in red or blue, with pen-work infill and extensions into the margins in red, blue, yellow, and green, and floral decoration, edged in black ink, and coloured in pink and yellow wash; other initials are supplied in red or blue. Capital strokes in red.

Provenance: Heavily deleted inscription on [a1r]. Frater Simon Heym (fl. 1527); inscription on [a1r]: ‘Frater Symon Heym [ ] posessor huius codicis [ ] Biblie anno 1527'. Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex (1773-1843); book-plate with handwritten shelfmark ‘D.f.1': see Lee, Royal Bookplates, 41 no. 24; sale, lot 1182(?). Probably the copy purchased in either 1844 or 1854 for £2. 2. 0; see Books Purchased (1844), 6 and Books Purchased (1854), 6.

Former Bodleian shelfmark: Bib. Lat. 1492 c.1.

SHELFMARK: Bib. Lat. 1487 c.2.

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