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Bod-Inc: B-322

Biblia Latina cum postillis Nicolai de Lyra et expositionibus Guilelmi Britonis.


Analysis of Content

Volume 1.

(A1r [Title-page.]

(A2r Nicolaus de Lyra: ‘Prologus primus'.’ PL CXIII 25-30. See Stegmüller, Repertorium biblicum, 5829 and Labrosse, ‘Œuvres', 159.

(A2v Nicolaus de Lyra: ‘Prologus secundus'.’ PL CXIII 29-34. See Labrosse, ‘Œuvres', 159.

(A3v Guilelmus Brito: ‘Expositio . . . in epistolam Hieronymi'.’ Incipit: ‘  “[F]rater Ambrosius,” etc. Ad euidentiam huius epistole quam scribit Hieronymus ad Paulinum presbyterum . . .’

(A4r Guilelmus Brito: [Postils on prologue of Hieronymus.] Incipit: ‘  “[F]rater Ambrosius” . . . Istam litteram inueni in epistolis Hieronymi . . .’ See Stegmüller, Repertorium biblicum, 2824.

(A4r Hieronymus: [Letter addressed to] Paulinus the priest [ep. 53]. ‘Prologus in Bibliam'.’ Pref. no. 1.

(B5v [Guilelmus Brito]: 'Expositio in prologum Pentateuchi'.’ Incipit: ‘  “[D]esiderii mei”. Istam epistolam scripsit Hieronymus . . .’ See Stegmüller, Repertorium biblicum, 2825.

(B5v [Prologue to Pentateuch.] ‘Prefatio . . . in Pentatheuchum'.

(B7r [Paulus Burgensis]: ‘Prologus in additiones'.’ PL CXIII 35-7.

(B7v Paulus Burgensis: ‘Additio super vtrumque prologum'.’ PL CXIII 37-50.

(B10r ‘Copia cuiusdam littereque contra determinationem predicte questionis a quodam magistro in sacra pagina de ordine minorum auctori additionum fuit missa'. PL CXIII 50-1.

(B10v ‘Copia responsionis ad predictam epistolam'. PL CXIII 51-60.

(B12r Doering, Matthias: ‘Prologus in replicas defensiuas postille fratris Nicolai de Lyra ab impugnationibus domini Burgensis'.’ PL CXIII 59-62.

(B12v [Doering, Matthias]: ‘Replica contra quedam dicta Burgensis in questione . . .'’ PL CXIII 60-2.

(C1r Nicolaus de Lyra: [Postilla litteralis. Gn–Apc]. Incipit: ‘  “[I]n principio”. Omissis diuissionibus curiosis, accipio illam que magis . . .’ Commentary surrounds text in each book. Doering's corrections occur after Burgensis' additions.

(C1v [Gn–IV Rg.] Ios preceded by a ‘prologus' and an ‘argumentum', Rg by a ‘prologus'.

(XX3r ‘Alius prologus' [to I–II Par]. Preceded by ‘Prefatio sancti Hieronymi in librum Dabreiamin, qui est Paralypomenon'. Slight variation in the incipit of the first preface to I–II Par.

(XX4v [I–II Par.]

([con][con]6r [OrMan.]

Volume 2.

A2v [I–II Esr.] I Esr preceded by a prologue. II Esr entitled ‘Neemias' in this edition.

C5r [III Esr.] III Esr entitled ‘II Esr' in this edition.

D1r [Tb–Est.] Each book preceded by a prologue.

G3r ‘Primus prologus' [to Iob]. [Also known as Alius prologus.] Pref. no. 3; preceded by ‘Prologus in Iob'. Unusually followed, rather than preceded, by ‘Prologus in Job'.

G6r [Iob–Ps (G)]. Iob preceded by an ‘argumentum'. Ps (G) preceded by the first of Jerome's prologues only.

Ll2r ‘Prologus' [to Prv]. Pref. no. 4; preceded by ‘Epistola sancti Hieronymi presbiteri ad Chromatium et Heliodorum episcopos, de libris Salomonis'.

Ll2v ‘Alius prologus'. Pref. no. 5.

Ll3r [Prv.]

Oo2v ‘Prologus' [to Ecl]. Pref. no. 6.

Oo3r [Ecl–Ct.]

Qq7r ‘Prologus' [to Sap]. Pref. no. 7.

Qq7r [Sap–Sir.]

Volume 3.

AA1r [Title-page.]

AA2v [Is.] Preceded by a prologue and an ‘argumentum'.

LL4r Hieronymus: ‘Prefacio' [to Ier].’ Pref. no. 8.

LL4v ‘Alius prologus'. Pref. no. 9. Preceded by a ‘prologus'.

LL5v [Ier.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

RR7v [Introduction to Lam.] Incipit: ‘[E]t factum est postquam in captiuitate . . .’

RR8r [Lam.]

SS7v ‘Prefatio' [to Bar]. Pref. no. 10.

SS7v [Bar–Dn.] Ez and Dn preceded by prologues.

FFF7v ‘Alius prologus' [to Twelve Prophets]. Pref. no. 11; preceded by ‘Prologus in librum duodecim prophetarum'.

FFF8r ‘Prologus' [to Os]. Pref. no. 12.

GGG1r [Os.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

HHH4r ‘Prologus' [to Ioel]. Pref. no. 13.

HHH4v ‘Argumentum'. Pref. no. 14. In other editions entitled ‘Prologus'. In this edition, it includes ‘In hoc propheta . . .', pref. no. 15..

HHH5r [Ioel.]

III1r ‘Prologus' [to Am]. Pref. no. 17.

III1r ‘Alius prologus'. Pref. no. 18; in other editions called ‘Argumentum'.

III1v ‘Alius prologus'. Pref. no. 19.

III2r [Am.]

KKK1r ‘Prologus' [to Abd]. Pref. no. 20. The passage beginning ‘[H]ebrei hunc dicunt esse . . .' is not headed ‘Alius prologus', but forms part of this prologue.

KKK1v [Abd.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

KKK3r ‘Prologus' [to Ion]. Pref. no. 21.

KKK4r [Ion.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

KKK6r ‘Prologus' [to Mi]. Pref. no. 23.

KKK6v [Mi.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

LLL3v ‘Prologus' [to Na]. Pref. no. 24. ‘Sciendum quoniam Niniue in nostra lingua . . .', which in other editions appears as a separate prologue, is here included in this prologue.

LLL4r [Na.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

LLL6r ‘Prologus' [to Hab]. Pref. no. 25.

LLL7r [Hab.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

MMM2v ‘Prologus' [to So]. Pref. no. 26.

MMM3v [So.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

MMM6r ‘Prologus' [to Agg]. Pref. no. 27.

MMM7r [Agg.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

NNN1r ‘Prologus' [to Za]. Pref. no. 28.

NNN1v [Za.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

OOO5r ‘Prologus' [to Mal]. Pref. no. 29.

OOO6r [Mal.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

PPP1v Hieronymus: ‘Prologus' [to Mcc].’ Pref. no. 31.

PPP2v [I–II Mcc.]

Volume 4.

a3v ‘Alius prologus' [to Four Evangelists]. Pref. no. 33; preceded by ‘Epistola beati Hieronymi ad Damasum Papam in quatuor Euangelistas'.

a4r ‘Argumentum' [to Mt]. Pref. no. 34. In other editions entitled ‘Prologus'.

a4v ‘Prologus'. Pref. no. 35.

a5r [Mt.]

h8v [Hieronymus]: ‘Prologus' [to Mc].’ Pref. no. 36.

i1v [Mc.]

l2v Hieronymus: ‘Prefatio' [to Lc].’ Pref. no. 37.

l3r [Lc.] Verses 1-4 here called ‘Prohemium'.

q1v ‘Prologus' [to Io]. Pref. no. 38.

q3r [Io.]

aa2r ‘Prologus' [to Rm]. Pref. no. 39; preceded by ‘Prefatio sancti Hieronymi in omnes epistolas sancti Pauli'.

aa2v [Rm.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

dd4r ‘Prologus' [to I Cor]. Pref. no. 40.

dd4r [I Cor.] Preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

gg1v ‘Prologus' [to II Cor]. Pref. no. 41.

gg1v [II Cor–Hbr]. Each letter preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

rr1r Hieronymus: ‘Prefatio' [to Act].’ Pref. no. 42.

rr1v ‘Alius prologus'. Pref. no. 43.

rr1v [Act.]

xx2v ‘Prologus' [to Canonical Epistles]. Pref. no. 44; followed by an ‘argumentum'.

xx3r [Iac–Iud.] Each book preceded by an ‘argumentum'.

zz8v [Gilbertus Pictaviensis]: ‘Prefatio' [to Apc].’ Pref. no. 49.

[et et]2r ‘Alius prologus'. Pref. no. 50.

[et et]2r [Apc.]

[*]1r Nicolaus de Lyra: ‘Pulcerrime questiones Judaicam perfidiam in catholica fide improbantes'.’ [Also known as Contra perfidiam Judaeorum and Probatio adventus Christi.] Incipit: ‘[P]rimo queritur vtrum ex scripturis receptis a Judeis posit efficaciter . . .’

[*]2v ‘Probatio incarnationis diuine persone'. Incipit: ‘[S]ecundum principale est probandum . . .’


Imprint: Strasbourg: [Johann (Reinhard) Grüninger], 1492. Folio.

Remarks: In four parts dated: (I–III) [undated]; (IV) 3 Nov. 1492.


Collation: Vol. 1: (A10 (B12 (C‑(H10 (I (K8 (L‑(O10 (P6 (Q8 (R‑(Z ([et] (AA‑(DD10 (EE12 (FF10 (GG8 (HH6 (II‑(OO10 (PP (QQ6 (RR‑(UU10 (XX12 (YY (ZZ ([et et]10 ([con con]6; vol. 2: A–C8 (D6 D10 E–I8 K6 L8 M N6 O–Z Aa–Gg8 Hh Ii6 Kk–Nn8 Oo6 Pp–Rr8 Ss6 Tt Uv8 Xx–Zz [et et]6 [con con]8; vol. 3: AA–ZZ8 [et et]6 [con con] AAA–RRR8 SSS6 TTT8; vol. 4: a–o8 p6 q–x8 y6 aa bb8 cc4 dd–ll8 mm6 nn–zz [et et]8 [con con]6 [rum rum]8 [etc] [*]6.

Illustrations: 43 woodcuts: see Schramm XX pls 128-62.


ISTC: ib00617000

GW: GW 4292;

Hain: HC *3169;

Goff: Goff B‑617;

BMC: BMC I 108;

Proctor: Pr 462;

Others: BSB‑Ink B‑468; Copinger, Incunabula Biblica, 27; Darlow–Moule 912; Gosselin 409, no. 38; Oates 185-6; Rhodes 367; Sack, Freiburg, 669; Schramm XX p. 22; Schreiber V 3474; Sheppard 367-8.

LCN: 17239382


Copy number: B-322(1)

Vols 2 and 4 only.

Binding: Contemporary German blind-tooled calf over wooden boards, the spine gold-tooled, lettered ‘S. Biblia N. Lyrani 1492'; see Bib. Lat. 1487 c.2 and Bib. Lat. 1485 c.3; two catches on vol. 2, remains of two catches on vol. 4; four corner-pieces on each volume. Rebacked. On both covers triple fillets form two frames; in the outer triangular-shaped halves of a large floral ornament; in the inner a repeated stamp of a dragon and scrolls containing the inscription: ‘SPES MEA DEUS'. The inner rectangle is divided by triple fillets into lozenge-shaped and triangular compartments, in which is a full or half floral ornament stamp. Signature of Johannes Hinselmann(?) on outside of cover of vol. 2.

Size: Volume 2: 320 × 227 × 81 mm; vol. 4: 320 × 228 × 85 mm.

Size of leaf: 308 × 204 mm.

Early marginal notes.

On a2r an eight-line initial ‘Q' is supplied in blue with red pen-work floral infill and extensions into the guttering. Other initials are supplied in red or blue. Capital strokes in red.

Provenance: Johannes Hinselmann(?) (†1538). Sold book to Nicolaus Richter de Aysa, 1538: signatures on outside of cover of vol. 2 and inscription on a1r of vol. 4: ‘Empta per fratrem Nicolaum Richter de Aysa anno salutis 1538 a venerabili viro domino ve[ ]o sacre pagine licen[tiat]o et testamenti magistri Joannis Hinslei(?) executore ve[ ].' Augustus Frederick, Duke of Sussex (1773-1843); book-plate with handwritten shelfmark ‘D.f.1': see Lee, Royal Bookplates, 41 no. 24; sale, lot 1182(?). Probably purchased in either 1844 or 1854 for £2. 2. 0; see Books Purchased (1844), 6 and Books Purchased (1854), 6.

SHELFMARK: Bib. Lat. 1492 c.2,4.

Copy number: B-322(2)

Vol. 4 only. Wanting gathering [*].

Binding: Sixteenth-century German blind-tooled pigskin over wooden boards, with metal clasps. On both covers triple fillets form concentric frames; in the outer, a repeated round flower-head tool; in the central frame, a repeated floral tool and, in a panel at head and tail, a floral ornament; in the inner frame, a cresting roll. In the inner rectangle, a floral centre-piece and, at each corner, a small floral tool.

Size: 324 × 223 × 80 mm.

Size of leaf: 302 × 208 mm.

Copious marginal notes. Table of contents on a1r in a contemporary hand.

On a2r a nine-line initial ‘Q' is supplied in interlocked red and blue, with extension into the guttering. Other initials, some with extensions into the margins, paragraph marks, and a rubric on a2r are supplied in red. Capital strokes and underlining in red.

Provenance and date of acquisition unknown; the shelfmark may suggest a date c.1855.

SHELFMARK: Auct. 6Q 5.49.

Copy number: B-322(3)

Not in Sheppard.

Bound with A‑146(3); see there for details of binding and provenance.

Gathering g only.

Size of fragments: 308 × 217 mm.

Early annotations on g6v, including a ‘nota' mark and a pointing hand.

Two- and three-line initials are supplied in red; occasional capital strokes in red.

SHELFMARK: Gibson 403*(10).

Copy number: B-322(4)

Vol. 1 only.

Wanting A5-6.

Binding: Contemporary German blind-tooled pigskin over wooden boards; two clasps and catches. On both covers intersecting triple fillets form frames. In the outer is a repeated palmette; in the inner are several tools, some too worn for identification, but including a circular rosette(?) stamp, a circular eagle(?) stamp, and a fleuron. Triple fillets form the inner rectangle which is decorated on the upper cover with (worn) circular stamps between curved-outline tools making up merrythoughts; on the lower cover the rectangle is divided by triple fillets into triangular and lozenge-shaped compartments decorated with a fleuron, and with a small floral stamp at the intersection of the fillets, and a circular stamp in the centre. The spine is decorated with the palmette, a fleuron, and a circular stamp, with ‘Lyranus’ at the head of the spine in early black ink.

Size: 330 × 234 × 105 mm.

Size of leaf: 310 × 224 mm.

On P2v 'Spes mea Christus Anno 1606', in the hand which wrote the second ownership inscription.

Provenance: Thomas Scheen, Wittlich, Rhine-Palatinate (fl. 1585–1590), pastor in ‘Rattigh’, presumably modern Rachtig (Zeltingen-Rachtig, to east of Wittlich, across Mosel), priest of the Teutonic Knights; inscriptions: on the front pastedown: ‘Modo agnosco Thomam Scheen Wittlichium’; on (HH6v: ‘Thomas Scheen, Wittlich pastor in Rattigh ordinis Theutonici presbyter. Anno 1590. Appuli Rattigh. Anno 1585, 20 Octobris F. littera dominicalis. Obtuli deo primitias. Laus deo pax viuis requies aeterna defunctis’; on (EE12r: ‘Famulor Thomae Scheen Wittlichis’. Petrus Thilmannus (fl. 1606); inscriptions on (A1r: ‘Agnosco Petrum Thilmanum’; ‘Hunc librum dono dedit Petrus Thilmannus honorabili viro Thomae [ ] ...’ Mark of ownership (bookplate?) removed from (A1v. Utrecht, J. L. Beijers, auction house (20th century); see; ticket on the front pastedown. Michael Laird, Rare Books & Manuscripts, Lockhart, Texas. Presented by the Polonsky Foundation on the occasion of Duke Humfrey's Night 2010.

SHELFMARK: Inc. c. G7.1492.1.

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