Breydenbach, Bernhard von
Peregrinatio in terram sanctam.
Analysis of Content
[a2r] Breydenbach, Bernhard von: [Letter addressed to] Berthold [von Henneberg], Archbishop of Mainz. Incipit: ‘[R]euerendissime in Christo pater et domine, domine mi gratiose, quod tue preter morem meum vsitatum scribere . . .’ See Bernhard von Breydenbach, Die Reise ins Heilige Land: Ein Reisebericht aus dem Jahre 1483 mit 17 Holzschnitten, 5 Faltkarten und 6 Textseiten in Faksimile, ed. Elisabeth Geck (Wiesbaden, 1977) (the German translation); see also Die Reise nach Jerusalem. Bernhard von Breydenbachs Wallfahrt ins Heilige Land (Mainz, 1992); on the authorship see VL I 752-4.
[a3v] ‘Continentiam huius operis subiecta monstrabunt'.
[a4v] Breydenbach, Bernhard von: Peregrinatio in terram sanctam. Incipit: ‘[S]ancte et salubris profectionis atque peregrinationis transmarine Jherosolimitane . . .’
[z1r] ‘Iste sunt insule a Veneciis vsque Rodum'.
[z2r] ‘Quedam communia vocabula de ydiomate sarracenico in latinum translata'.
[z3r] ‘In sequentes historias prefatiuncula'. Incipit: ‘[D]uobus explicitis atque absolutis itinerariis nostris . . .’
[z3r] [Isidorus, Archbishop of Kiev: Epistola Universis Christi fidelibus.] ‘De Constantinopolitane vrbis expugnatione'.’ Incipit: ‘[A]nno domini millesimo quadringentesimo quinquagesimo secundo ciuitas Constantinopolitana . . .’ Extracted from Antoninus Florentinus, Chronicon, Nuremberg: Anton Koberger, 31 July 1484 (A‑313), Part III, Titulus XXII, Capitulum XIII (fol. CLXXXII verso–CLXXXIII recto). For an edition of the original version of the letter, based on unabridged manuscript exemplars see La caduta di Costantinopoli. Le testimonianze dei contemporanei, ed. A. Pertusi, 2 vols (Milan, 1999), I 80-90. On authorship see Davies p. x.
[z4v] ‘De Nigroponti captione'. Incipit: ‘[F]idelis quidem et prepotens vrbs Nigropontensis . . .’ Possibly a letter written by Balthasar Perusino about the taking of Negroponte in July 1470 and addressed to the Duke of Urbino; see Davies p. x.
[z6v] [Caorsin, Guilelmus: Obsidionis Rhodiae urbis descriptio.] ‘De Rodie vrbis obsidione'.’ Incipit: ‘[R]odie vrbis obsidionem descripturus . . .’ See G. Fumagalli, Bibliografia Rodia, Biblioteca di bibliografia italiana, 14 (Florence, 1937), no. 79. On the authorship see Davies p. x.
[A6v] ‘De captione ciuitatis Ydruntine'. Incipit: ‘[S]ane posteaquam insula Rodi . . .’
[A7r] [Medical advice.] ‘De regimine peregrinantium in transmare scribit Hali medicus in hunc modum'. Incipit: ‘[I]n mari peregrinanti si subuersio et vomitus acciderit . . .’ Instructions probably taken from Albucazi and Rhazes; see Davies p. xi notes 2 and 3.
Imprint: Mainz: Erhard Reuwich, 11 Feb. 1486. Folio.
Collation: [a b6 c2+2+2+2 d e2 f–h2+2 i–u8 x10 y2+2+2 z A8]. Davies collates [a b6 c8 d e2 f–h4 i–u8 x10 *6 y z8].
Illustrations: 17 woodcuts; seven topographical views; woodcut initials; see Hellmut Lehmann-Haupt, ‘Die Holzschnitte der Breydenbachschen Pilgerfahrt als Vorbilder gezeichneter Handschriftenillustrationen', Gb Jb (1929), 152-63.
GW: GW 5075;
Hain: HC *3956;
Goff: Goff B‑1189;
BMC: BMC I 43;
Proctor: Pr 156;
Others: BSB‑Ink B‑909; Campbell, Maps, 65; CIBN B‑771; Hugh William Davies, Bernhard von Breydenbach and his Journey to the Holy Land 1483-4. A Bibliography (London, 1911), no. I; Hillard 486; Oates 52; Sack, Freiburg, 813; Schramm XV p. 7; Schreiber V 3628; Sheppard 96-9.
LCN: 13982994, 14087124
Copy number: B-552(1)
For this copy see Wonderful Things, no. 30.
Wanting the blank leaf [A8].
Binding: Eighteenth-century gold-tooled red morocco; on both covers a border is formed by a palmette and two fillets and a cresting floral and rosette roll; a frame is formed by double fillets within which is the palmette roll; a floral tool pointing in and out at the corners; marbled pastedowns; endleaves watermarked with a snake on a cross with an orb.
Size: 295 × 215 × 38 mm.
Size of leaf: 285 × 204 mm.
Early marginal notes.
The woodcuts are coloured in red, blue, green, and yellow. Initials and paragraph marks are supplied in red or blue; red capital strokes.
Provenance: Pietro-Antonio Bolongaro-Crevenna (1735-1792); sale (1789), part III, lot 5776; in the annotated catalogue marked down to van den Berg for Fl. 8; according to the exchange rate used by Thomas Payne at the sale this is the equivalent of £0. 14. 0. Francis Douce (1757-1834); manuscript note by Douce: ‘purchased from the Library of M. de Crevenna'; Douce's copy of Gustavus Brander's sale catalogue (1790), lot 1056 is marked £5. 5. 0, but this is probably not a sign of purchase; Douce's armorial book-plate. Bequeathed in 1834.
FORMER SHELFMARK: Douce 223.
SHELFMARK: Arch. B c.25.
Copy number: B-552(2)
Binding: Seventeenth-century English calf. Formerly chained: staple-marks of a hasp at head of the upper cover.
Size: 302 × 210 × 45 mm.
Size of leaf: 297 × 197 mm.
The woodcuts of Venice ([c]) and the Holy Land ([y]) are slightly defective and backed on linen.
The woodcuts are coloured in red, blue, green, and yellow. Initials and paragraph marks are supplied in red; red capital strokes and underlining. Capitals touched in yellow.
Provenance: James Horswell (sixteenth century); on [A7v] several inscriptions of ‘Jacobus Horswell de Plymmouthe' in a sixteenth-century hand. On [A7v]: ‘Lent to Master Doctor Mooreman to be restored at Crystmas next commyng after the date hereof. Data primo die Februarij Anno Domini 1531'; presumably John Moreman (†by Aug. 1554). John Selden (1584-1654); see MS. Broxb. 84. 10, p. 18. Presented in 1659.
Former Bodleian shelfmarks: B 1. 16 Art. Seld.; Auct. 1Q 4.15.
SHELFMARK: S. Seld. d.9.
Copy number: B-552(3)
Binding: Eighteenth/nineteenth-century blue gold-tooled morocco; gilt-edged leaves; watermark on the endleaves a lion leaning on a shield containing an anchor and the initials IIRS.
Size: 302 × 222 × 30 mm.
Size of leaf: 293 × 204 mm.
The woodcuts of Venice ([c]) and the Holy Land ([y]) are backed.
Copious early marginal notes in two different hands.
The woodcuts of Porec (Parenzo), Istria ([d]), Corfu ([e]), Modon ([f]), and Candia ([g]) are partially coloured in green. Principal initials are supplied in red or blue with reserved white decoration; other initials and paragraph marks are supplied in red or blue; red capital strokes and underlining.
Provenance: Carl Theophilus von Aichbichl (fl. 1679); on [a1v] inscription: ‘Ex libris Caroli Theophili ab Aichpühl 1679'. Oxford, Radcliffe Library; probably the copy purchased on 29 June 1836 from Payne and Foss; see ‘New Purchases 1810-39' in purchase list, Radcliffe Library records FD1; book-plate with old shelfmarks ‘1 C.2 1' and ‘G.39 H.2'; manuscript addition on p. 2a of interleaved Catalogue (1835) in Radcliffe Library records gives shelfmarks ‘1 C.1.9' (cancelled) and ‘1.C.2.1a'. Transferred to the Bodleian by the Radcliffe Trustees between 1861 and 1893; Bodleian date stamp 2 July 1938.
Other former Radcliffe shelfmarks: 1. C.1 4a; RR.x.23.
SHELFMARK: Inc. d. G1.1486.1.
Copy number: B-552(4)
Wanting the woodcuts of Venice (Davies [c1-7], except the last leaf), Corfu ([e1, 2]), Modon ([f3, 4]), Candia ([g3, 4]), Rhodes ([h1-4]), and the Holy Land ([y1-6]).
The first leaf ([a1]), which is bound in reverse, is made up from a slightly smaller copy and bears the date stamp 1 Nov 1928.
Binding: Contemporary Netherlandish (Utrecht?) blind-tooled calf over wooden boards; two clasps lost; traces of chaining; rebacked and repaired. On both covers triple fillets form a border; the inner rectangle is divided by fillets into lozenge-shaped and triangular compartments. In the border, a triangular stamp with a vine and grapes, in the corners a round stamp with a head of Christ, in the compartments a triangular and a lozenge-shaped floral stamp; for the stamps see Abraham Hulshof and M. J. Schretlen, De kunst der oude boekbinders (Utrecht, 1921), pl. xi, nos 10, 12-14 (ascribed to Utrecht).
Size: 325 × 225 × 45 mm.
Size of leaf: 310 × 207 mm.
Early marginal notes, some in English. On [A8r] two inscriptions of the poem ‘Oh that the meaninge of my harte | might be declaryd to your mynde | Then shulde yow perceyve my smarte | And how yow are to me unkynde.' On [A8v] inscriptions of English and Latin poems and prose texts, all in the same hand: ‘If dowblenes were dentye | And no man coulde yt fynde | Where shulde a man haue plentye | but in a womann's mynde', ‘Gratum et vulgare est perire quod facis ingrato | Est aliquid ingrato, meritum exprobare voluntas', ‘O pater, o hominum diuumque eterna potestas | fidere cui possum te sine nulla salus', ‘Detrahere aliquid alteri, et hominem hominis incommodo sine augere commodum, magis est contra naturam, quam mors, quam paupertas, quam dolor, quam cetera que possunt aut corpori a..dere, aut rebus exteriis', ‘Natura non patitur vt aliorum spoliis nostras facultates copias opes augeamus', ‘Honesta enim bonis viris, non occulta queruntur'.
Woodcuts coloured in yellow, red, green, brown, and blue. Principal initials are supplied in red or blue with reserved white decoration; other initials and paragraph marks are supplied in red or blue; red capital strokes and underlining.
Provenance: Roger Parker (sixteenth century); signature on front pastedown in a sixteenth-century hand. Thomas Castlon (sixteenth century); on [a2r] inscription of three hexameters and one pentameter: ‘Vnde superbit homo, cuius conceptio culpa, | Nasci pœna, vita labor, morique necesse, post | hominem vermis, post vermem fœtor et | horror, sic in non hominem, vertitur | omnis homo. T. Castlon', on [s1v] and [s2r]: ‘Nusquam tuta fides. Thomam Castlon'. Christopher Dowe (sixteenth century); on [A7v] and [A8r] ‘Sum liber Christoferi Dowe notarij'. Ambrose Mannering (sixteenth century); on [A8r] inscription of name. Roger Hunt (sixteenth century); on [A8r] inscription: ‘Rogerus Hunt in propria possidet' and ‘Mr Hunte after moost hartye commendaciones these(?) shalle(?) to desyre you to goo fforwarde with'. Sir John Sutler (sixteenth century); erased inscription on the back pastedown. Robert Burton (1577-1640); signature on the front pastedown, preceded by ‘Homo natus ad orbem contemplandum' and followed by ‘Ex Æde Cri[sti]' [Christ Church, Oxford]; name erased on [a2r]. Possibly the copy listed in the Benefactors' Register I 358, selected from the books of Robert Burton in 1641; see Kiesling, Robert Burton no. 225. Apparently turned out as a duplicate. Lt Col W. E. Moss (1875-1953). Returned to the Bodleian by Moss in 1928; see BQR 5 (1926-8), 224 and 285.
Former Bodleian shelfmarks: Q 1.17 Art; ‘Arts A 1.37 Med.'; D 4.19 Art.
SHELFMARK: Inc. c. G1.1486.1.
Copy number: B-552(5)
Not in Sheppard.
Eight leaves only: [i4], [p1, 2, 7], [u2, 3, 6], and [x10].
Binding: Bound in a modern guard-book of miscellaneous fragments. Formerly pastedowns in A‑346(1) (Auct. 1Q 2.12-15.): Antoninus Florentinus, Summa theologica. Partes I–IV. Strasbourg: Johann (Reinhard) Grüninger, 1496: Auct. 1Q 2.12 ([p1] and [p7]), Auct. 1Q 2.15 ([p2]) and Auct. 1Q 2.13 ([u2]); although only these four leaves have notes to this effect, all eight leaves were probably used as pastedowns in the four volumes.
Size of fragments: 315 × 220 mm.
On [p7v] an early note in an English hand. On [x10v] early marginal notes. On [i4v] a note in the hand of Thomas Rawlinson.
Provenance: John Purcell (sixteenth century); on [u2r] several inscriptions of ‘Johannes Purcell capellanus' and other names in English hands. Edward Medley (fl. c.1512-5). Anthony Morgan (1569/70-1608/9) Donated by Morgan in 1601: see Benefactors' Register I 32.
Former Bodleian shelfmarks: A 11. 4-7 Th.: see James, Catalogus (1605), 11. Auct. 1Q 2.14 has shelfmark Auct. 1Q 1.7 on a1r.
SHELFMARK: Inc. b. G97.1(18).
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