Search Bodleian Incunables:

If your search term consists of multiple words, you can choose how to search:



Bod-Inc: M-323

Montis, Petrus

De dignoscendis hominibus.


Analysis of Content

A1r [Title-page.]

A2r [Table of contents.]

A8v Gundisalvus de Ayora: ‘Praefacio' [addressed to] Isabella I, Queen of Spain (Isabella of Castile). Incipit: ‘[E]tsi omni tempore, excellentissima regina, ac nostri saeculi decus unicum . . .’ Explicit: delibare institui See Cesáreo Fernández Duro, ‘Noticias de la vida y obras de Gonzalo de Ayora y fragmentos de su crónica inédita', Boletin de la Real Academia de la Historia, 17 (1890), 433-75, with the translation of De dignoscendis hominibus discussed at 435-6, and listed at 442, no. 1.

A9v ‘Argumentum'. Incipit: ‘[I]n eo enim non quid inter similares dissimilaresue . . .’ Explicit: speculationem applicent

a1r Montis, Petrus: ‘Prologus' [addressed to] Johannes, prince of Spain. [Translated from the Spanish by Gundisalvus de Ayora.] Incipit: ‘[P]rima aliarum omnium causa iam a mundi origine principium medium . . .’ Explicit: facili aberramus Gundisalvus is named as translator on the title-page and in the rubric.

a3v Montis, Petrus: De dignoscendis hominibus. [Translated by Gundisalvus de Ayora.] Incipit: ‘[I]d imprimis scribere visum est quod et facillime intelligi queat . . .’ Explicit: magnitudinem spero Each book is preceded by a preface by Gundisalvus de Ayora, dedicated to Isabella, Queen of Spain.

[Rum Rum9v] ‘Auctoris excusatio'. Incipit: ‘[M]ulta in hoc volumine occurrerunt quae aliquas partes in eo . . .’ Explicit: fidem extenuant

[Rum Rum10r] Gundisalvus de Ayora: [Greetings addressed to] Isabella, Queen of Spain. Incipit: ‘[S]i tantum tibi, illustrissima regina, et rei publice tui causa . . .’ Explicit: uixisse existimabo. Vale

[Rum Rum10r] Gundisalvus de Ayora: ‘Exhortatio de futuro silentio sibipsi'. Incipit: ‘[S]i amorem erga te meum ab aliquo dubitari posse . . .’ Explicit: tui ipsius memor


Imprint: Milan: Antonius Zarotus, 17 Dec. 1492. Folio.


Collation: A10 a–z & [con] ꝶ8 ꝶꝶ10.


ISTC: im00857000

Hain: HC *11608;

Goff: Goff M‑857;

BMC: BMC VI 722;

Proctor: Pr 5832;

Others: BSB‑Ink M‑572; CIBN M‑545; Sheppard 4879.

LCN: 14512993


Copy number: M-323(1)

Binding: Eighteenth-century russia, both covers decorated with a single gold fillet, with the arms of Wodhull stamped in gilt on the upper cover; yellow-edged leaves; marbled pastedowns.

Size: 288 × 206 × 37 mm.

Size of leaf: 278 × 192 mm.

Provenance: A. B. Morin d'Hérouville (eighteenth century); sale (London: Leigh and Sotheby, 9 Mar. 1780), lot 383. Michael Wodhull (1740-1816); coat of arms on the binding (see above); purchased by Wodhull at Morin d'Hérouville's sale for £0. 1. 6, with lot 382 (Robertus Holcot, Super Librum Sapientiae (Basel, 1506)); inscription in Wodhull's hand on the recto of the front endleaf: ‘Leigh's auct: libr: Morin d'Herouville. Ed: Pr: 1: 6 binding 10 = / 11: 6 M: Wodhull Mar. 10th 1780'; further note by him on the recto of the rear endleaf: ‘Oct. 4th 1792'. John Edmund Severne (1826-1899); sale (1886), lot 1760; purchased for £0. 11. 0; see Library Bills.

SHELFMARK: Auct. 3Q 5.39.

Go to top of page