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Bod-Inc: P-346

Plato

Opera [Latin] (trans. Marsilius Ficinus).

 

Analysis of Content

a1r Naldius, Naldus: [Verse in praise of the work.] Incipit: ‘Cum deus ethereis hunc mittere uellet ab oris | Qui supero nobis a Ioue dona daret'; 7 elegiac distichs.

a1r [Title-page.]

a1v Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Prohemium' [addressed to] Laurentius de' Medici. Incipit: ‘[D]iuina prouidentia fortiter attingens omnia suauiterque disponens . . .’ Explicit: amor ualde commendat

a2r ‘Platonis vita.’ Incipit: ‘[P]lato Atheniensis Aristonis et Perictiones siue Potone filius . . .’ Explicit: celeste supernum

a4v [Ficinus, Marsilius: Preface addressed to the reader.] Incipit: ‘Ne forte putes, amice lector, tantum opus editum temere . . .’ Explicit: virorum clarissimorum

a4v Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Tabula librorum.’

2a1r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum in Hipparchum.’ Incipit: ‘[P]ropositum Platonis in Hipparcho est docere nos omnes . . .’ Explicit: esse vituperandum

2a1r Plato [pseudo-]: Hipparchus. [Translated by Marsilius Ficinus.] Incipit: ‘Socrates. [Q]uid nam lucri cupiditas est, et qui sunt lucri cupidi? Hipparchus. Mihi . . .’ Explicit: lucri cupidus sit This and all the works of Plato in this edition were translated by Ficinus: see P‑345. On the authorship see P‑345.

2a2r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in librum Platonis De philosophia.’ Incipit: ‘[S]umma huius dialogi est quid sit et quale officium philosophi . . .’ Explicit: a principio recensere

2a2v Plato [pseudo-]: De philosophia. [Also known as Amatores.] Incipit: ‘[D]ionysii grammatici ludum ingressus iuuenes quosdam vidi . . .’ Explicit: dicta laudarunt On the authorship see P‑345.

2a3v Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in librum De sapientia qui Theages inscribitur.’ Incipit: ‘[D]istinguitur in hoc dialogo sapientia et ultimum distinctionis . . .’ Explicit: petitione dialogus

2a3v Plato [pseudo-]: Theages de sapientia. Incipit: ‘Demodocus. [I]ndigebam, o Socrates, quedam priuatim tecum communicare . . .’ Explicit: agere sic agamus On the authorship see Oxford Classical Dictionary, 2nd edn, 842.

2a5v Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Menonem de virtute.’ Incipit: ‘[Q]uatuor esse argumentationum genera quibus Plato utitur . . .’ Explicit: potius est officium

2a5v Plato: Meno. ‘Menon seu De virtute.’ Incipit: ‘Menon. [P]otes ne mihi ostendere, Socrates, utrum virtus . . .’ Explicit: quoque iuuabis

b2v Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Alcibiadem primum de natura hominis.’ Incipit: ‘[C]andidissimus Platonis nostri liber qui Alcibiades primus inscribitur . . .’ Explicit: scribere iam institui

b2v Plato [pseudo-]: Alcibiades I. ‘Alcibiades primus de natura hominis.’ Incipit: ‘Socrates. [O] fili Clinie admirari te arbitror . . .’ Explicit: simul ac te vincat On the authorship see P‑345.

b8r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Alcibiadem secundum de uoto.’ Incipit: ‘[Q]uoniam secundus Alcibiades liber profecto sanctissimus de uoto . . .’ Explicit: in Apocalipsi precepit

b8r Plato [pseudo-]: Alcibiades II. ‘Alcibiades secundus de uoto.’ Incipit: ‘Socrates. [D]eum ne, o Alcibiades, precaturus accedis . . .’ Explicit: amicis tuis excellere On the authorship see P‑345.

c2r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Minonem . . . de lege.’ Incipit: ‘[M]inos de lege requerit ut . . .’ Explicit: postulantibus denegauit

c2r Plato [pseudo-]: Minos. ‘Minos de lege.’ Incipit: ‘Socrates. [Q]uid nam lex apud nos est? Minos. De qua lege interrogas? . . .’ Explicit: cognoscere videamur On the authorship see P‑345.

c3v Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Euthyphroneum de sanctitate.’ Incipit: ‘[E]uthyphron totus in confutatione uersatur quo factum est . . .’ Explicit: suam idee participem

c3v Plato: Euthyphro. ‘Euthyphron . . . de sanctitate.’ Incipit: ‘Euthyphro. [Q]uid noui, o Socrates, accidit . . .’ Explicit: sim victurus

c6r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . de vno rerum omnium principio.’ Incipit: ‘[C]um Plato per omnes eius dialogos totius sapientie . . .’ Explicit: dialogum ueniamus

c6v Plato: Parmenides. ‘Parmenides de vno rerum omnium principio.’ Incipit: ‘Cephalus. [C]um domo e Clazomenis Athenas profecti . . .’ Explicit: a quidem hec sunt

d5r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Philebum . . . de hominis bono.’ Incipit: ‘[H]uius libri propositum est de summo anime bono differere . . .’ Explicit: dialogum ueniamus

d5v Plato: Philebus. ‘Philebus . . . de hominis bono.’ Incipit: ‘Socrates. [V]ide, o Protarche, quem nunc a Philebo sermonem . . .’ Explicit: tibi reducam

e5v Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Hippiam . . . de pulchro' [addressed to] Petrus de' Medici. Incipit: ‘[D]e pulchro in Phedro symposio et Hippia disputatur . . .’ Explicit: accedas animaduerteres

e6v Plato (?): Hippias Maior. ‘Platonis Hippias maior de pulchro.’ Incipit: ‘Socrates. [O] sapiens et pulcher Hippias . . .’ Explicit: mihi iam videar On the authorship see P‑345.

f2v Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Lysidem de amicitia.’ Incipit: ‘[U]bi Socrates cum sophistis eorumque sectatoribus disputat . . .’ Explicit: Lysidem ueniamus

f3r Plato: Lysis. ‘Lysis de amicitia.’ Incipit: ‘[C]um ex academia liceum uersus per ipsa suburbia . . .’ Explicit: inuicem potuerimus

f6r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Epitoma . . . in Theetetum . . . de scientia' [addressed to] Petrus de' Medici. Incipit: ‘[D]ialogus de scientia, Petre Medices, insurgit altius . . .’ Explicit: diuinitate coniungens

f8v Plato: Theaetetus. ‘Theetetus de scientia.’ Incipit: ‘Euclides. [N]uper, o Terpsion, an pridem rure uenisti? . . .’ Explicit: huc redibmus

h3r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Ionem de furore poetico' [addressed to] Laurentius de' Medici. Incipit: ‘[P]lato noster, optime Laurenti, furorem in Phedro mentis . . .’ Explicit: lyram et carmina

h4r Plato: Ion. ‘Ion . . . de furore poetico.’ Incipit: ‘Socrates. [I]onem saluere iubeo unde ad nos accessisti? . . .’ Explicit: laudatorem esse

h6r Proculus: ‘Prefatio Platonis Sophistam.’ See P‑345.

h6r Plato: Sophista. ‘Sophista de eo quod est.’ Incipit: ‘Theodorus. [V]enimus, o Socrates, oportune quemadmodum heri inter nos . . .’ Explicit: prorsum dicendum

i6r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Apologus in librum Platonis de regno' [addressed to] Federicus de Montefeltro, Duke of Urbino. Incipit: ‘[I]uppiter optimus maximus cum optaret in terris quandoque . . .’ Explicit: felicissime tribuit

i6r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Platonis librum de regno.’ Incipit: ‘[C]um deus atque natura hominem agendo producant eum certe . . .’ Explicit: spectaculis profruuntur

i7r Plato: Civilis. ‘Ciuilis Platonis de regno.’ Incipit: ‘Socrates. [I]ngentem tibi, o Theodore, gratiam debeo . . .’ Explicit: egregie definisti On the authorship see P‑345.

k7r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Protagoram.’ Incipit: ‘[E]xtat apud Grecos uerissimum de Platone dictum . . .’ Explicit: viribus imitemur

k8v Plato: Protagoras. ‘Protagoras uel Sophiste.’ Incipit: ‘Familiaris. [U]nde nam, o Socrates? An videlicet a uenatione illa . . .’ Explicit: auditis abiuimus

l8v Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Euthydemum.’ Incipit: ‘[P]lato insignis charitate vir in Euthydemo quemadmodum . . .’ Explicit: adeo preciosam

m1v Plato: Euthydemus. ‘Euthydemus siue litigiosus.’ Incipit: ‘Criton. [Q]uis nam ille erat, o Socrates, qui cum heri in Lycio . . .’ Explicit: filios cohortare

m7r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Hippiam minorem.’ Incipit: ‘[M]irifica Socratis Platonisque nostri bonitas . . .’ Explicit: non usurpanda

m7r Plato: Hippias minor. ‘Hippias minor Platonis de mendacio.’ Incipit: ‘Eudicus. [T]u vero quid nam taces, Socrates? Cum tam multa Hippias . . .’ Explicit: errare censemus

n1r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Charmidem de temperantia.’ Incipit: ‘[S]tudium Socratis in hoc dialogo est omnes quidem ad temperantiam . . .’ Explicit: licet attingere

n2r Plato: Charmides. ‘Charmides Platonis de temperantia.’ Incipit: ‘Socrates. [H]eri cum ad uesperam Potidea ab exercitu . . .’ Explicit: equidem aduersabo

n6r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Lachetem de fortitudine.’ Incipit: ‘[P]lato sepenumero magistratus optimos legibus . . .’ Explicit: sydera donat

n6v Plato: Laches. ‘Laches Platonis de fortitudine.’ Incipit: ‘Lysimachus. [V]irum spectastis armis dimicantem . . .’ Explicit: ad te ueniam

o2r Plato (?): Clitopho. Incipit: ‘Socrates. [N]uper mihi retulit quidam Clitophontem . . .’ Explicit: beatus efficiatur There is the following note in the printed title: ‘Hic liber forte non est Platonis'. On the authorship see P‑345.

o3r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Cratylum de recta nominum ratione.’ Incipit: ‘[S]apientia Platonica semper quidem suspicit excelsa . . .’ Explicit: antequam iudicent

o5r Plato: Cratylus. ‘Cratylus Platonis de recta nominum ratione.’ Incipit: ‘Hermogenes. [V]is ne sermonem nostrum cum hoc Socrate conferamus . . .’ Explicit: de his cogita

p6r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Gorgiam.’ Incipit: ‘[C]um duo quedam in animo potissima sint . . .’ Explicit: conferant sempiternam

p7v Plato: Gorgias. ‘Gorgias Platonis de rhetorica.’ Incipit: ‘Callicles. [S]ic ad bellum et pugnam ferunt, o Socrates . . .’ Explicit: Callicles precii

r1r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Commentarium . . . in Conuiuium Platonis de amore.’ Incipit: ‘[P]lato philosophorum pater in nos vnum et octuaginta . . .’ Explicit: perpetuo perfruamur

t2r Plato: Symposium. ‘Conuiuium de amore' [addressed to Laurentius de' Medici]. Incipit: ‘Apollodorus. []ideor mihi in his que petitis satis premeditatus esse . . .’ Explicit: domi requieuisse

v2r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Phedrum.’ Incipit: ‘[P]lato noster poetice muse quam a tenera etate . . .’ Explicit: munere comparari

v2v Plato: Phaedrus. ‘Phedrus de pulchro' [addressed to Laurentius de' Medici]. Incipit: ‘Socrates. [O] amice Phedre, quo nam et vnde? Phedrus. Alysia . . .’ Explicit: abeamus

x2v Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Apologiam.’ Incipit: ‘[A]ntiqui gentium theologi in tris diuisi sunt sectas . . .’ Explicit: patrie redditurum

x3v Plato: Apologia. ‘Apologia Socratis.’ Incipit: ‘[Q]ua uos ratione, o viri Athenienses, affecerit accusatores mei . . .’ Explicit: est incertum

x8r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Critonem.’ Incipit: ‘[Q]uemadmodum apologie ita Critonis quoque tam ordinata tam plana . . .’ Explicit: infusa perducit

x8r Plato: Crito. ‘Crito uel de eo quod agendum.’ Incipit: ‘Socrates. [C]ur nam hac hora uenisti, o Crito? An non ualde . . .’ Explicit: ipse ducit

y2r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Phedonem.’ Incipit: ‘[N]oster de religione liber rem satis per se notam probat . . .’ Explicit: patriam repetat

y3v Plato: Phaedo. ‘Phedon de anima.’ Incipit: ‘Echecrates. [I]psene, o Phedon, affuisti qua die Socrates . . .’ Explicit: atque iustissimi

z6r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Menexenum' [addressed to Laurentius de' Medici.] Incipit: ‘[C]onsilium Platonis in Menexeno est cohortari omnes . . .’ Explicit: animo perferende

z6v Plato: Menexenus. ‘Menexenus Platonis uel funebris oratio.’ Incipit: ‘Socrates. [E] foro uenis, Menexene? An vnde? Menexenus. E foro, o Socrates . . .’ Explicit: ut postulas

A1r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in librum primum de re publica' [addressed to Laurentius de' Medici.] Incipit: ‘[Q]uanto oculus prestat manibus caput pedibus ratio sensibus . . .’ Explicit: facultati consuleret See P‑345.

A1v Plato: Respublica. Incipit: ‘Socrates. [A]scenderam heri in Pireum vna cum Glaucone, Aristonis filio . . .’ Explicit: feliciter abeamus An ‘argumentum' by Ficinus appears before each book.

G1r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Compendium . . . in Timeum.’ Incipit: ‘[Q]uemadmodum in Parmenide cuncta diuinorum genera pro viribus . . .’ Explicit: omnes afficitur

H4r Plato: Timaeus. Incipit: ‘Socrates. [U]nus duo tres quartus autem, o amice Timee, ubi nam est? Ut qui heri . . .’ Explicit: atque vnigenitum

I7r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Critiam de attico et athlantico bello.’ Incipit: ‘[P]lato noster officiosissimus patrie sue filius laudauit . . .’ Explicit: atque reuoluuntur

I8r Plato: Critias. ‘Critias Platonis de attico et athlantico bello.’ Incipit: ‘[Q]uam grata longum post iter defesso requies, o Socrates . . .’ Explicit: sic est exorsus

K2v Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in librum primum de legibus' [addressed to] Laurentius de' Medici. Incipit: ‘[S]eculum apud priscos pene idem, magnanime Laurenti, tria . . .’ Explicit: debet intendere

K3v Plato: De legibus. Incipit: ‘Hospes. []eum ne an aliquem hominum, o hospites, condendarum legum . . .’ Explicit: feram equidem An ‘argumentum' by Ficinus appears before each book.

R3v Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Argumentum . . . in Epinomidem id est legibus additum uel philosophum' [addressed to] Laurentius de' Medici. Incipit: ‘[T]hesaurum diuini Platonis, magnanime Laurenti, latere in hoc Epinomide . . .’ Explicit: commodius pertractantur

R5r Plato (?): Epinomis. ‘Liber Platonis qui Philosophus inscribitur uel Epinomis, id est legibus additus.’ Incipit: ‘[]am ut communiter statueramus huc tandem omnes tres, o hospes . . .’ Explicit: rectissime adhortari On the authorship see P‑345.

R7v Ficinus, Marsilius: [`Argumenta' for each of the ‘Epistolae.'] ‘Argumentum . . . in epistolam primam que est Dionis.’ Incipit: ‘[D]ion Syracusanus vir profecto magnus Platonis non auditor solum . . .’ Explicit: beateque viuendum

S2r Plato (?): Epistolae [addressed to] Dionysius [3]; Dion of Syracuse [2]; Hermia, Erastus, and Coriscus; Dion and friends [2]; Archita Tarentinus [2]; Aristodorus; Laodamantus. Incipit: ‘[E]go dum apud uos diuturna opera ita imperium uestrum . . .’ Explicit: opus esse videtur On the authorship see P‑345.

T2r Ficinus, Marsilius: ‘Platonica theologica de immortalitate animorum' [addressed to] Laurentius de' Medici. See F‑049; this edition is referred to at I 24.

HH8v [Colophon.]

HH8v ‘Registrum.’

HH9r ‘Capitula librorum theologie platonice de immortalitate animorum.’

Imprint

Imprint: Venice: Bernardinus de Choris, de Cremona, and Simon de Luere, for Andreas Torresanus de Asula, 13 Aug. 1491. Folio.

Collation

Collation: a4 2a–o8 p q10 r–z A–D8 E F10 G–Z AA–FF8 GG HH10.

References

ISTC: ip00772000

Hain: HC *13063;

Goff: Goff P‑772;

BMC: BMC V 465;

Proctor: Pr 5216;

Others: BSB‑Ink P‑569; CIBN P‑447; Hankins, Plato in the Italian Renaissance, II 742, no. *8 (Bodleian copy omitted from this list); Hillard 1651; Kristeller, Supplementum Ficinianum, I p. lxi f 2; Oates 2051; Rhodes 1430; Sack, Freiburg, 2911; Sheppard 4297.

LCN: 14016297

Copies

Copy number: P-346(1)

Binding: Contemporary English blind-tooled calf over wooden boards; two clasps and catches lost. Formerly chained: staple-marks of a hasp at the head of the upper cover; six metal studs on the lower edges of the covers, three to each cover. On both covers a single fillet forms an outer border, within which is a fleuron (Oldham, Blind-stamped Bindings, pl. lviii no. 995). Intersecting triple fillets form a frame within which is an ornamental rectangular stamp (Oldham, Blind-stamped Bindings, pl. xi no. 82); further triple fillets form the inner rectangle which is divided by triple fillets into lozenge-shaped and triangular compartments, decorated with the fleuron. The gold stamp of the Bodleian Library is on both covers.

Size: 325 × 230 × 85 mm.

Size of leaf: 310 × 212 mm.

Parchment pastedowns from a fourteenth-century manuscript of the Digest with a gloss: front pastedown: Digest, with glossa ordinaria, D. 6.1.53-6.6.68 (first line); rear pastedown: D. 7.4.1.pr in med.–D. 7.4.10.

Provenance: Francis Harewell (fl. 1615); inscription on a1r: ‘Donum Francisci Harewell armigeri ad Bibliothecam Oxoniensem'. Presented in 1615; see Macray 423.

Former Bodleian shelfmarks: P 4. 4 Art; G 2. 2 Art (`2' on the fore-edge in black ink and on the spine in white paint); Auct. P 1.6.

SHELFMARK: Auct. O 3.28.

Copy number: P-346(2)

Not in Sheppard.

Binding: Early sixteenth-century Czech (Prague, Kyriß workshop no. 75) blind-tooled pigskin over wooden boards; two metal catches, two clasps, hinged to the lower board, lost. On both covers double fillets form the outer border. On the upper cover intersecting fillets form the outer frame (with a small flower-petal stamp at each intersection), within which is a stamp bearing the arms of Prague, a double-headed eagle stamp, a circular double-tailed Bohemian lion stamp, a circular unicorn stamp, a lozenge-shaped pelican in its piety stamp, a circular fleur-de-lis stamp, a small lozenge-shaped fleur-de-lis stamp, a small circular star stamp, a lozenge-shaped fleuron, and a small circular decorative stamp; further intersecting fillets form the inner frame (with a small flower-petal stamp at each intersection), within which is a repeated lozenge-shaped floral and foliate stamp; intersecting fillets form the inner rectangle (with a small trefoil stamp at each intersection) which is divided into lozenge-shaped and triangular compartments, and decorated with the eagle stamp, the pelican stamp, the fleuron, the unicorn stamp, the lion stamp, the star stamp, the small fleur-de-lis stamp, and a circular rosette stamp. On the lower cover intersecting fillets form the outer frame within which are all the stamps from the same part of the upper cover, with the exception of the Prague stamp; further fillets form the inner rectangle, which is divided and decorated in the same manner as on the upper cover, with the addition of the Prague stamp. For some of the stamps listed above see Kyriß pl. 152, nos 1-11. The spine has been painted grey, with the author, title, and date and place of printing in black letters at the head, and a large letter ‘P' in black in the middle of the spine.

Size: 315 × 220 × 80 mm.

Size of leaf: 308 × 217 mm.

Two manuscript pastedowns written in German in a fifteenth-century hand(?).

Marginal notes, in several sixteenth-century hands, mainly in both red and black ink but with some annotations in crayon, and consisting of comments on the text, extraction of key words, ‘nota' marks, and pointing hands; also underlining in black ink.

Provenance: Olomouc, Moravia, Franciscans, S. Bernardinus; inscriptions on a1r (washed), and on a2r in a seventeenth-century hand: ‘Conuentus Olomucen[s?]is ad S. Bernardinum ordinis S. Francisci stricte obseruantie'; also on a1r, two names (presumably of members of the Franciscan house at Olomouc) written in sixteenth/seventeenth-century hands: ‘M. Simon Ko[ ]', and ‘M. Joannes Dicast[ ] L[ ] anno 1607'. Princes of Liechtenstein (nineteenth century); nineteenth/twentieth-century armorial book-plate: coat of arms surmounted by a princely crown and surrounded by the chain of the Order of the Golden Fleece, and with, above, the words ‘Ex libris Liechtensteinianis'; stamp on a1r: ‘F. Liechtenstein Bibliothek'; shelfmark(?) on the inside of the upper cover: ‘2.3.9'; see Hanns Bohatta, Katalog der Inkunabeln der fürstlich Liechtenstein's Fideikommissbibliothek und der Hauslabsammlung (Vienna, 1910), 221-2, no. 184. Albert Ehrman (1890-1969); armorial book-plate; purchased from Ernst Philip Goldschmidt (1887-1954) in 1953 for £100; accession no. ‘R 1183'. Presented in 1978 by John Ehrman.

SHELFMARK: Broxb. 8.8.


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