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Bod-Inc: R-092

Rodericus Zamorensis

Speculum vitae humanae [German] Spiegel des menschlichen Lebens (trans. Heinrich Steinhöwel).


Analysis of Content

[a1r] [Note on the author.] Incipit: ‘[D]ises buechlin genannt der spiegel des menschlichen lebens . . .’

[a1r] ‘Von der materi des ersten tayls vnd tafel der capitel'.

[a6r] Steinhöwel, Heinrich: [Letter addressed to] Sigmund von Tyrol [Sigismund Duke of Austria]. Incipit: ‘Dem hoch gebornen vnd durchluchtigen fursten vnnd herren hern Sigmunden . . . Wir lesen vnnd vinden die alten naturlichen vnd hochgelerten meister . . .’ See B. Weinmayer, Studien zur Gebrauchssituation früher deutschen Druckprosa, Mittelalterliche Texte und Untersuchungen, 77 (Munich, 1982), at 120-7.

[a8r] [Woodcut.]

[a8v] [List of characters represented in the woodcut.]

[b1r] Rodericus Zamorensis: Spiegel des menschlichen Lebens. Translated by Heinrich Steinhöwel. Incipit: ‘[U]ber alle menschlich wirdikeyt diser zeit . . .’ See VL IX 258-78, at 269-71; Weinmayer, Studien zur Gebrauchssituation, 120-7; Steinhöwel used the Latin editon of Zainer from 1471 (H 13940).


Imprint: [Augsburg: Günther Zainer, c.1476]. Folio.

Remarks: Published in 1476 according to Zainer's catalogue (Burger, Buchhändleranzeigen, no. 20).


Collation: [a–k10 l8 m–q10 r s8].

Illustrations: 50 woodcuts.

Remarks: Leaf [b1r], variant: ‘Das erſt blat' | (woodcut, 78 ×115 mm, a wodehouse holding in each hand two charged shields; inscribed beneath: Tyrol, Altoeſterreich, Oſterreich, Schotten; see Schramm) | ‘¶ Das erſt capitel. von dem obriſten weltlichen daz | iſt keyſerlichen vnd ander furſten ſtaut.' | (woodcut, emperor seated on throne) | ‘VBer alle menſchlich wirdikeyt diſer | zeit . . .’


ISTC: ir00231000

Hain: H *13948;

Goff: Goff R‑231;

BMC: BMC II 326;

Proctor: Pr 1584;

Others: BSB‑Ink S‑66; CIBN R‑150; Osler, IM, 121; Schramm II pp. 22 and 24; Schreiber V 5102; Sheppard 1167.

LCN: 14077366


Copy number: R-092(1)

Binding: Contemporary German blind-tooled pigskin over bevelled wooden boards. Two clasps and catches lost. The spine is coloured in red with a square blue paper label at the head, bearing the author's name and year of publication of the book written in black ink. Triple fillets form a triple frame. A circular eagle stamp and a ‘Maria (?)' scroll surround the outer frame. Within the outer frame a circular Madonna and child stamp at each corner and a repeated circular rosette stamp. Within the following frame a repeated rectangular foliate and floral stamp. On the upper cover, vertical triple fillets divide the inner rectangle into three compartments, decorated with the Madonna and child stamp, the eagle stamp, a lozenge-shaped different eagle(?) stamp, and a drop-shaped decorative stamp. On the lower cover, fillets divide the inner rectangle into triangular compartments, with no stamps. Parchment reinforcing strips, including one from a twelfth-century noted liturgical manuscript, are visible in the binding.

Size: 305 × 220 × 50 mm.

Size of leaf: 298 × 216 mm.

Irregular early manuscript foliation in two sequences: 1-5, 1-168 (omitting 67-9). The text omitted at the tail of [h10r] is supplied in a contemporary hand.

Some woodcuts are partially coloured. Woodcut initials are pecked out in red; capital strokes in red.

Provenance: Helias Englerus (fl. 1490); inscription on front endleaf: ‘Helias Englerus Memmingensis. Memmingae, scriptum in aedibus domini Heliae Engleri senioris Anno [14]90 die 29 Julii à M. S. R. H.' Francis Douce (1757-1834); armorial book-plate. Bequeathed in 1834.

SHELFMARK: Douce 258.

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