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Bod-Inc: V-041

Valturius, Robertus

De re militari.


Analysis of Content

[*1r] [Table.] ‘[E]lenchus et index rerum militarium'. Incipit: ‘Et primum prohemium cum rei militaris scriptoribus . . .’

[a1r] [Valturius, Robertus: Preface dedicating the work to] Sigismundus Pandulphus [Malatesta]. Incipit: ‘[C]redo equidem nec sum nescius, dux et imperator inclite, Sigismunde Pandulfe . . .’

[a4v] [Valturius, Robertus: De re militari. Incipit: ‘[Q]uom itaque inter omnes priscae auctoritatis uiros . . .’ See Le Macchine di Valturio nei documenti dell'Archivio storico AMMA, ed. P. L. Bassignana (Turin, 1988), at 172 for the fifteenth-century editions. On the woodcuts see E. Rodakiewicz, ‘The editio princeps of Roberto Valturio's “De re militari” in relation to the Dresden and Munich Manuscripts', Maso Finiguerra, 5 (1940), 15-82, at 15-31 for their spurious attribution to Matteo de' Pasti; at 31-56 for a comparison with the drawings in two fifteenth-century manuscripts. In these two copies of this edition, as in several other copies, in the blank spaces the principal initials, book numbers in the table, the title before the dedication, and book and chapter titles, have been supplied/decorated in a similar way, probably by or following Felice Feliciano; see A. Campana, ‘Felice Feliciano e la prima edizione del Valturio', Maso Finiguerra, 5 (1940), 211-22, at 211-12, and at 221-2 for the hypothesis that Feliciano was involved with the production of the woodcuts; R. Weiss, ‘The Adventures of a First Edition of Valturio's “De re militari”  ’, Studi di bibliografia e di storia in onore di Tammaro de Marinis (Verona, 1964), IV 297-304, at 297-300; neither lists the Bodleian copies (V‑041(1) and V‑041(2)).

[rum11v] Marcus Riminensis: [Poem on the author and the work, addressed to] Robertus Valturius. Incipit: ‘Valturri nostrae princeps cultissime linguae | Cuique etiam Graias donat Apollo fides'; 16 elegiac distichs. For the attribution of authorship see Rodakiewicz, ‘De re militari', 80; A. F. Massera, Roberto Valturio “omnium scientiarum doctor et monarcha”, 1405-1475 (Faenza, 1958), 25-6 with reference to this edition.


Imprint: [Verona]: Johannes Nicolai de Verona, 1472. Folio.


Collation: [*6 a–g10 h14 i2 k–m10 n12 o8 p6 q–s10 t12 u–z & [con]10 [rum]12].

Illustrations: 82 woodcuts; see Sander.


ISTC: iv00088000

Hain: HC *15847;

Goff: Goff V‑88;


Proctor: Pr 6912;

Others: BSB‑Ink V‑52; CIBN V‑57; Hillard 2041; Oates 2593-4; Sander 7481; Sheppard 5689-92.

LCN: 14800953, 14801013


Copy number: V-041(1)

With the blank leaf [s7]. Leaves [r5, r10, u2, y3, y5] are made up from Douce 267 (Bodleian's second copy). Leaf [r9] is in duplicate. See Douce's note on front pastedown: ‘Though sold as perfect it wanted a few leaves. I have made it perfect from another copy'. Leaf [y6] bound after [y3]. Leaf [rum]12 cut out and mounted.

Binding: Eighteenth-century Italian quarter parchment over paper boards. The spine gold-tooled, with the title in gilt on red and black leather labels. Green silk bookmark. Original binding probably Italian wooden (beech?) boards; see worm-holes on first and last leaves. Sixteenth-century manuscript title in brown ink along lower edge. Resewn in seventeenth(?) century, with end-bands of primary sewing over cord; gatherings at different heights and staggered title on lower edge. Internal parchment reinforcement guards throughout the volume. Repairs to some leaves, predating resewing, suggest that the original binding was damaged.

Size: 329 × 231 × 75 mm.

Size of leaf: 323 × 220 mm.

Occasional marginal annotations to the eleventh book in a contemporary Italian hand, mainly extracting key words. Four leaves of bibliographical notes in Italian in a late eighteenth-century or early nineteenth-century hand, attached to the recto of the front endleaf, containing bibliographical notes in Douce's hand.

On [a1r] a three-quarter floral border is supplied in a Veronese style in grey, red, blue, green, and pink, with large gold dotting; with two birds in the upper margin, and a blank space left for a coat of arms in the lower margin. On the same page an eight-line Italian illuminated initial ‘C' is supplied in gilt, surrounded by white vine-stems defined in red, blue, or green. Title of book I supplied in alternate red and blue letters, in the style of Felice Feliciano; Campana, ‘Felice Feliciano', 220 uses the attribution of the decoration in Vatican copies of this edition to Feliciano as evidence of collaboration between Feliciano and Johannes Nicolai. See also A. Contò, ‘  “Non scripto calamo”. Felice Feliciano e la tipografia', in L'`Antiquario' Felice Feliciano Veronese: tra epigrafia antica, letteratura e arti del libro. Atti del convegno di studi, Verona, 3-4 giugno 1993, ed. A. Contò and L. Quaquarelli, Medioevo e Umanesimo, 89 (Padua, 1995), 289-312, at 290, 293 (Verona) and notes. See also Pächt and Alexander II, 113 no. pr. 116. At the beginning of each book similar initials and titles are supplied. Chapter headings are supplied in red in a contemporary Italian hand. Woodcuts coloured.

Provenance: Maffeo Pinelli (1735-1785); see Morelli (1787), I 2061; number in black ink on front pastedown; sale (1789), lot 6962. Bought by Douce for £6. 0. 0; see Douce's note on front pastedown; annotated Pinelli sale catalogue. Francis Douce (1757-1834); armorial book-plate. Bequeathed in 1834.

SHELFMARK: Douce 289.

Copy number: V-041(2)

Wanting the leaves [o3, r5, r10 u2, y3, y5], and the blank leaves [*6] and [s7]. Leaf [rum]12 cut out and mounted. The initial at the beginning of each book has been cut away.

Leaf [a1r] has been cut out and is now Douce Fragm. b.1(9). Leaf [y6] is bound after [y2].

Binding: Nineteenth-century paper boards, the spine mottled morocco with the title in gilt on a red leather label.

Size: 316 × 227 × 67 mm.

Size of leaf: 310 × 218 mm.

Occasional marginal notes are supplied in a contemporary Italian hand in brown or red ink, mainly extracting key words and personal names, and supplying ‘nota' marks, brackets pointing hands, and page references for the table. A few notes in a seventeenth-century Italian hand, extracting key words and phrases from the text. Running book numbers in brown ink in a contemporary hand, mostly cropped. Folio numbers in red and black ink in the upper right-hand corner of each recto. The pencilled number ‘243' and price ‘3. 3. 0' on the recto of the front endleaf. The number ‘No 1637' in brown ink on [*1r].

On [a1r] an eight-line Italian illuminated initial ‘C' is supplied in gilt surrounded by white vine-stems defined in red or green on a square blue ground; the title is supplied in alternate red and blue letters; see Pächt and Alexander II, 113 no. pr. 117. Elsewhere the titles of each book are supplied in alternate red and blue letters; chapter headings in red in a hand similar to that supplying the same headings in V‑041(1).

Provenance: Francesco Buzzacarini (c.1440-c.1500); his arms on [a1r]: per pale, gules and vert, within a wreath of laurel, the space within the wreath coloured in dark red with darker red pen-work; see Pächt and Alexander (as above). Florence, Dominicans, S. Marcus: ‘Biblioth[ecae] Pub[licae] Florentinae'; stamp on [*1r]. Francis Douce (1757-1834); armorial book-plate. Bequeathed in 1834.

SHELFMARK: Douce 267.

Copy number: V-041(3)

Wanting leaves [x5–6, y3, y8, y9], and the blank leaves [*5–6].

Sheet [q2.9] is bound as the innermost sheet of the gathering, its proper place being occupied by a duplicate of sheet [n4.9]. Sheet [r3.8] is bound second in the gathering.

Binding: Eighteenth-century diced russia, rebacked. The blind-tooled stamp of the Bodleian Library on both covers. Title in gilt on the spine. Brown pastedowns. Navy silk bookmark. Manuscript title along lower edge.

Size: 355 × 241 × 60 mm.

Size of leaf: 345 × 220 mm.

A few marginal notes in a contemporary Italian hand, supplying book numbers and some page references in the table. The author's name supplied in a sixteenth-century Italian hand on [*1r].

On [*1r] an eight-line initial ‘E' is supplied in blue with contrasting red pen-work forming a square ground. On [a1r] seven-line initial ‘C' is supplied in red with red pen-work forming a square ground. Elsewhere initials and paragraph marks are supplied in red or blue; book and chapter headings in red.

Provenance: Purchased for £20; see Books Purchased (1803), 3.

Former Bodleian shelfmarks: Auct. L 3.32.

SHELFMARK: Auct. L 1.20

Copy number: V-041(4)

Wanting leaves [y3–4 and y7–8].

With the blank leaf [s7]. Gathering [z] is bound before [y].

Binding: Sixteenth-century German/North Italian parchment with fore-edge yapps over cartonnage; the flesh side uppermost in the Italian style. Later manuscript title in brown ink at the head of the spine: ‘Vary authore . . .' Lot number ‘1304' in brown ink on paper label at base of spine. Contemporary sewing on three double alum-tawed supports, predating parchment cover. Sixteenth-century German stuck-on end-bands, worked in yellow and blue silk. Contemporary (i.e. before 1490) Italian internal thin manuscript parchment reinforcement guards, pasted and pressed, throughout the book.

Size: 316 × 234 × 74 mm.

Size of leaf: 312 × 218 mm.

A few marginal notes in a sixteenth-century German hand, summarizing the text. An arithmetical sum on [rum12r].

On [*1r] an eight-line German(?) initial ‘E' is supplied in red ink. On [a1r] the title in a sixteenth-century Italian hand in black ink. Elsewhere initials and chapter headings supplied in red in a German hand. Descriptions of woodcuts in red or brown ink in a sixteenth-century German hand. Woodcuts coloured.

Provenance: Duplicate from the Royal Library, Munich; stamp: ‘Duplum Bibliothecae R. Monac.' and notes in brown ink on the recto of the front endleaf: ‘Duplum'; ‘Inc. Typ. No 1440'; the number ‘1440' in brown ink at head of spine. Purchased for £2. 2. 0; see Books Purchased (1836), 34.

SHELFMARK: Auct. O inf. 2.15.

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